MARTINDALE'S
CALCULATORS ONLINE CENTER ENGINEERING CENTER CARTOGRAPHY, DRAFTING, GEOMATICS ENGINEERING, METROLOGY (Calculators, Applets, Spreadsheets, and where Applicable includes: Courses, Manuals, Handbooks, Simulations, Animations, Videos, etc.) 
KEY TO TOPOGRAPHIC MAPS  K.A. Lemke, Department of Geography & Geology, University of Wisconsin, Stevens Point, Wisconsin Multimedia Key to Topographic Maps (Text & Images). For more information see Glacial Geology Course Home Page; Karen A. Lemke's Home Page or the Department of Geography & Geology MAP SCALE CALCULATORS & APPLETS
Map Scale Calculator

FOR MAJOR COMMERCIAL STUCTURES, ETC. SEE THE CIVIL ENGINEERING CENTER
COMPUTER AIDED DESIGN (CAD) COURSES & SOFTWARE SCALE MODEL CALCULATORS, APPLETS, ANIMATIONS & SIMULATIONS DRAFTING  T.B. Barker, Department of Engineering Technology, Tarleton State University, Texas Multimedia Drafting Course Notes (Text & Images). Drafting
AN INTRODUCTION TO 2D AUTOCAD  D.J. Grieve, School of Marine Science and Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Plymouth, U.K. VERY VERY EXTENSIVE. Multimedia An Introduction to 2D AutoCAD  PDF, 39 Pages (Text & Images). For more information see Mainly Mechanical Engineering  Online Document Index or the School of Marine Science and Engineering SCALE CONVERSION CALCULATORS  Wan VERY EXTENSIVE. Scale Conversion Calculators include:
Scale UP Conversion Calculator..." 
GIS AND REMOTE SENSING (GEOL 260)  D. Harbor, Department of Geology, Washington and Lee University Multimedia GIS and Remote Sensing Course (Text & Images). VERY VERY VERY...EXTENSIVE. Examples of "GIS and Remote Sensing" Course Lectures include
Digital Terrain Analysis; Spatial Overlays and Querying; Neighborhood Analyses; Shape Analyses; Fuzzy Logic; Remote Sensing Data; Image Processing; GPS and Remote Data Collection; etc..." INTRODUCTION TO GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS (GEOG 60)  JeanPaul Rodrigue, Department of Global Studies and Geography, Hofstra University Multimedia Introduction to Geographic Information Systems Course (Text & Images). VERY VERY EXTENSIVE. Examples of "Introduction to Geographic Information Systems" Course Lectures include
Geographical Data Structures; Geographical Data Analysis; Spatial Queries and Measurement; Cartographic Output; etc..." Global Positioning Systems Courses, Textbooks, Lectures, etc. PRINCIPLES OF GLOBAL POSITIONING SYSTEMS  T. Herring, Geodesy and Geodynamics Group, Department of Earth, Atmospheric, and Planetary Science, MIT Multimedia Principles of Global Positioning Systems Graduate Course (Text & Images). VERY VERY VERY...EXTENSIVE. Examples from over "23" "Principles of Global Positioning Systems" Course Lectures include
Coordinate and Time Systems; GPS Satellite Orbits; Continue Estimation now Examining it from a Statistical Point of View; Kalman Filter approach to Estimation; Timing in GPS; Tropospheric Delay Estimation; Antennas and Calibrations; Processing Software; etc..." Graduate Remote Sensing Technical Reports NATIONAL GEODETIC SURVEY PUBLICATIONS  National Geodetic Survey (NGS) Multimedia NGS Publications (Text & Images). VERY VERY EXTENSIVE. Examples of "NGS Publications" Subject Categories include
National Spatial Reference System: Datums, Networks, Coordinate Systems Operations, Field Procedures; Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing, Shoreline Mapping Special Projects; etc..." GEOMATICS CALCULATORS, APPLETS, ANIMATIONS & SIMULATIONS
GEOGRAPHIC CALCULATORS  GEOGRAPHICLIB  Charles F.F. Karney, SRI International, Princeton, New Jersey VERY VERY VERY...EXTENSIVE. GeographicLib
Online Geographic Coordinate Conversions using the GeoConvert Utility Calculator
Online Geodesic Calculations using the Geod Utility Online Geodesic Calculations using the Geod Utility Calculator
"...is accurate to about 15 nm and gives solutions for the inverse problem for any pair of points..." Online Geodesic Polygon and Polyline Calculations using the Planimeter Utility Online Geodesic Polygon and Polyline Calculations using the Planimeter Utility Calculator
"...In polyline mode, Planimeter calculates the length of the geodesic path joining the points..." Geodesic lines, circles, envelopes in Google Maps Geodesic lines, circles, envelopes in Google Maps Calculator
"...The inverse problem: specify the two end points as..." Online Geoid Calculations using the GeoidEval Utility Online Geoid Calculations using the GeoidEval Utility Calculator
Inverse/Forward/Invers3D/Forwrd3D Calculators include
State Plane Coordinates Calculator State Plane Coordinates Calculator
Surface Gravity Prediction Calculator in the Conterminous USA Surface Gravity Prediction Calculator in the Conterminous USA
Tidal and Orthometric Elevations Calculator: COOPS/NGS Elevation Data Tidal and Orthometric Elevations Calculator: COOPS/NGS Elevation Data
GIS Calculators include:
Area Conversion Calculator; DegMinSec to DecDeg Calculator; DecDeg to DegMinSec Calculator; Scale Calculator; Degrees to Radians Calculator; Time to GPS Seconds Calculator..."
Surveying  Land Tenure Systems
FOR NAVIGATION, LOCATION & GPS COURSES, CALCULATORS, APPLETS, ANIMATIONS & SIMULATIONS SEE NAVIGATION
SURVEYING CALCULATORS, APPLETS, ANIMATIONS, ETC. Surveying Courses with Text, Images, Videos/Movies & Audio/Sound SURVEYING  B. Lohani, Department of Civil Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur (IIT Kanpur); Hosted by the: National Programme on Technology Enhanced Learning, a Joint Venture by Indian Institutes of Technology & Indian Institute of Science; and Funded by the Ministry of Human Resource Development, Government of India, India Multimedia Basic Surveying or Geoinformatics Video Course (Text, Images, Videos/Movies & Audio/Sound). VERY VERY VERY...EXTENSIVE. Examples of "Surveying" Video Course Sections include
Linear Measurements Video; Measurement of Elevations Video; Measurement of Direction Video; Traversing, Triangulation and Trilateration Video; Plane Tabling Video; etc..." Surveying Courses with Text & Images INTRODUCTION TO SURVEYING AND MAPPING  J.K. Ghosh, Geomatics Engineering Section, Department of Civil Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee (IIT Roorkee); Hosted by the: National Programme on Technology Enhanced Learning, a Joint Venture by Indian Institutes of Technology & Indian Institute of Science; and Funded by the Ministry of Human Resource Development, Government of India, India Multimedia Introduction to Surveying and Mapping Course (Text & Images). VERY VERY VERY...EXTENSIVE. Examples of "Introduction to Surveying and Mapping" Course Modules include
Measurement of Horizontal Distance; Representation of Vertical Distance; Measurement of Absolute Direction; Control Survey; Route Survey; etc..." MODERN SURVEYING TECHNIQUES  O. Dikshit, Department of Civil Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur (IIT Kanpur); Hosted by the: National Programme on Technology Enhanced Learning, a Joint Venture by Indian Institutes of Technology & Indian Institute of Science; and Funded by the Ministry of Human Resource Development, Government of India, India Multimedia Modern Survey Techniques Course (Text & Images). VERY VERY VERY...EXTENSIVE. Examples of "Modern Survey Techniques" Course Chapters & Lessons include
Electronic Theodolite; etc..."
GPS Receivers; GPS Errors and Accuracy; Satellite Geometry and Accuracy Measures; GPS Measurements Techniques; GPS Algorithms  Navigational Solutions; etc..."
Geometry of Tilted Photographs; Stereoscopy and Parallax; etc..."
Physical Basis of Remote Sensing (EMR Interaction in Atmosphere); Physical Basis of Remote Sensing (EMR Interaction on Ground: Surfaces); Physical Basis of Remote Sensing (Radiometry); etc..." GEOSURVEYING ENGINEERING (CIVE 316)  Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering, College of Engineering, University of Washington Multimedia GeoSurveying Engineering Course (Text & Images). VERY VERY VERY...EXTENSIVE. Examples of "GeoSurveying Engineering" Course Lectures include
Cross Section and Borrow Pit; Horizontal Distance; Traversing; Topographic Surveys; Coordinate Systems; Boundary Surveys; Construction Surveys; Photogrammetry; etc..." Surveying Online Books & Manuals INTERMEDIATE STRUCTURAL ENGINEERING GUIDE BOOK (ENGINEERING AIDE 2) Multimedia Intermediate Structural Engineering Guide Book (Text & Images). VERY VERY VERY...EXTENSIVE. For more information see Engineering Training and Reference Manuals or Integrated Publishing
Examples of "Care And Adjustment Of Surveying Equipment" Subchapters include
Transit Adjustments; Adjusting The Plate Bubbles; Adjusting The Line Of Sight; etc..." Chapter 7: Indirect Leveling/Level And Traverse Computations Examples of "Indirect Leveling/Level And Traverse Computations" Subchapters include
Calculating The Allowable Error; Traverse Computations; Checking And Reducing Angles; Traverse Tables/Adjusting Bearings And Distances; Plane Coordinates; etc..." Chapter 8: Topographic Surveying And Mapping Examples of "Topographic Surveying And Mapping" Subchapters include
Locating Details By Transit And Stadia; Stadia Interval; Topographic Mapping; Ground Point Systems; etc..." Chapter 10: Engineering And Land Surveys Examples of "Engineering And Land Surveys" Subchapters include
Route Surveys For Drainage; Ditches; Storm Sewer Route Survey; Earthwork Computations; Culverts And Bridges; Sewer Stakeout; Airfield Surveys; Waterfront Surveys; Offshore Location By Chaining; etc..." Chapter 12: Electronic Surveying Equipment Examples of "Engineering And Land Surveys" Subchapters include
Reduction Of Slope Distance; Electronic Positioning Systems; Laser Equipment; etc..." Examples of "Survey Manual" Chapters include
Surveying Measurements; GPS Surveys; Surveying Equipment; Photogrammetric Surveys; etc..." STADIA SURVEYING SPREADSHEETS (XLS)
Stadia Surveying Method

ELASTIC COMPRESSION CALCULATORS, APPLETS, ANIMATIONS & SIMULATIONS ELASTIC COMPRESSION CALCULATORS: ENGINEERING METROLOGY TOOLBOX  J.A. Stone & J.H. Zimmerman, Engineering Metrology, Precision Engineering Division, Manufacturing Engineering Laboratory, NIST VERY VERY VERY...VERY EXTENSIVE. Elastic Compression Calculator
Elastic Compression Calculator (Based on Case 3 Sphere Between Two Parallel Planes) Elastic Compression Calculator (Based on Case 10 Cylinder Between Two Parallel Planes) Elastic Compression Calculator (Based on Case 15 Cylinder in Contact with Asymmetrical Cylindrical Vee Groove) METROLOGY CALCULATORS, APPLETS, ANIMATIONS & SIMULATIONS
WAVELENGTH CALCULATORS (INDEX OF REFRACTION OF AIR): ENGINEERING METROLOGY TOOLBOX  J.A. Stone & J.H. Zimmerman, Engineering Metrology, Precision Engineering Division, Manufacturing Engineering Laboratory, NIST VERY VERY EXTENSIVE. Wavelength Calculators
Optical Metrology
VISIBLE CALCULATORS, APPLETS, ANIMATIONS & SIMULATIONS XRAY OPTICAL DESIGN CALCULATORS, APPLETS, ANIMATIONS & SIMULATIONS XRAY SPECTRA CALCULATORS, APPLETS, ANIMATIONS & SIMULATIONS CALCULATORS FOR IR, VISIBLE, XRAY OPTICAL DESIGN & XRAY SPECTRA  Experimental Systems Group, Advanced Light Source (ALS), Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory VERY VERY EXTENSIVE. For more information see Advanced Light Source (ALS)
Gaussian Laser Beam Parameters Calculator INPUT Values include:
Monochromator Parameters Calculator Monochromator Parameters Calculator INPUT Values include:
Scalar Diffraction Efficiency Calculator Scalar Diffraction Efficiency Calculator INPUT Values include:
UV Reflectance Display Calculator UV Reflectance Display Calculator INPUT Values include:
a; hn Max; hn min; etc..." Standards for Weighing & Measuring Devices
Specifications, Tolerances, and Other Technical Requirements for Weighting and Measuring Devices: NIST HandBook 44
NIST HANDBOOK 130 (2016): UNIFORM LAWS AND REGULATIONS IN THE AREAS OF LEGAL METROLOGY AND ENGINE FUEL QUALITY  Weights and Measures Division, Technology Services, National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Multimedia Handbook (Text & Images). Uniform Laws and Regulations in the Areas of Legal Metrology and Engine Fuel Quality: NIST HandBook 130

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