MARTINDALE’S CALCULATORS ONLINE CENTER STATISTICS: AZ (Calculators, Applets, Spreadsheets, 
STATISTICS CALCULATORS, APPLETS, ANIMATIONS & SIMULATIONS
Standard Deviation Calculator OUTPUT Values include:
Minimum Value; Sum; Numbers Entered; Average; Variance; Standard Deviation…” For more information see STATISTICS CALCULATORS & APPLETS AZ
the second law of thermodynamics. The idea is to turn the ratchet potential periodically on and off with a frequency…” Brownian Motor Calculator INPUT Values include:
Thermal Energy kT in units of the Potential Barrier; Asymmetry Alpha of the Ratchet Potential; Switching Time Tau…” For more information see
finite structures, such as binary trees, planar trees, polygon dissections, and so on…” For more information see
least a couple of hours as students do in, e.g. Physics labs. These leaning objects are your statistics elabs. These serve as learning tools for a deeper understanding of the fundamental statistical concepts and techniques, by asking “whatif” questions…” Statistics Calculators include over “50” Statistics Calculators including
Empirical Distribution Function Calculator; Histogram Calculator; The Three Means Calculator; Multinomial Distributions Calculator; Pvalues for the Popular Distributions Calculator; Test for Equality of Several Population Medians Calculator; Test for Homogeneity of Population Calculator; Test for Normality Calculator; Test for Randomness Calculator; Multiple Linear Regressions Analysis Calculator; Analysis of Covariance Calculator; ANOVA: Testing Equality of the Means Calculator; ANOVA for Condensed Data Sets Calculator; etc…” For more information see 
MARKOV CHAINS CALCULATORS
as the Independence Sampler, Random Walk methods, Langevin algorithms etc. You can draw your own target densities, too…” For more information see
of Markov chains which are commonly used to perform large scale calculations and simulations in Physics and Statistics…”
MetropolisHastings applet which shows how to use MCMC algorithms to find the global maxima of a given function…”
related to the study of convergence to the stationary distribution and so called mixing times…”
to simulate perfectly from an autogamma model, also known as the Bayesian posterior for the pump dataset…”
“independence sampler” Metropolis algorithm Markov chain, started in stationarity…Try restarting the chain several times to see different simulation runs. Note that the mean sample value “should” be 1.0. However, with the default value of k=5, it is in fact often somewhat less and occasionally much more…”
from a distribution, by sampling uniformly from the region underneath the graph of the density function. In general the samplers are multidimensional,…”
to simulate exactly from a distribution, using only a Markov chain for which that distribution is stationary…”
value of pi, 3.14159265…The idea is very simple. Suppose you have a tabletop with a number of parallel lines drawn on it, which are equally spaced (say the spacing is 1 inch, for example). Suppose you also have a pin or needle, which is also an inch long. If you drop the needle on the table, you will find that one of two things happens:…” For more information see POISSON CALCULATORS
random processes in probability theory. It is widely used to model random “points” in time and space, such as the times of radioactive emissions, the arrival times of customers at a service center, and the positions of flaws in a piece of material…” Examples of Poisson Lessons & Calculators include
The Gamma Distribution; The Poisson Distribution; Splitting a Poisson Process; Bernoulli Trials and the Poisson Process; Higher Dimensional Poisson Processes…” Poisson Calculators include:
Poisson Experiment Calculator; TwoType Poisson Experiment Calculator; TwoDimensional Poisson Process Calculator…” For more information see
where the probability of an event occurring is very low, but the number of opportunities for such occurrence is very high…” For more information see
and stochastic processes, and is intended for teachers and students of these subjects. The site consists of an integrated set of components that includes expository text, interactive web apps, data sets, biographical sketches, and an object library…” Includes over “50” Probability, Mathematical Statistics, Stochastic Processes Calculators including:
Distributions Calculator; Expected Value Calculator; Special Distributions Calculator; Random Samples Calculator; Point Estimation Calculator; Set Estimation Calculator; Hypothesis Testing Calculator; Bernoulli Trials Calculator; Finite Sampling Models Calculator; Poisson Calculator; Renewal Processes Calculator; Markov Chains Calculator; etc…” For more information see
Say Red Applet; The Collector Applet; Banach’s Matchbox Problem Applet; The Matching Problem Applet; Random Scatter; Traffic Jams; Building a Probability Tree; Twodimensional densities with Conditional Probabilities; etc…” For more information see
contingency table in relation to expected frequencies under independence, and highlights the pattern of association…” For more information see
Fisher Exact Calculator; Diagnostics Calculator; Ordinal Test Calculator; Onemean Calculator; Sequential Probability Ratios Calculator; Bonferroni Calculator; Significance Testing Calculator; Response Rates Calculator; Random Numbers Calculator; Poisson Calculator; Hypergeometric Calculator; etc…”
concerned, depending on the shape and scale of the distribution as defined by the user. A graph that shows you the current distribution is also displayed…” Some examples from over “15” Statistics Calculators include
Discrete Uniform Distribution Calculator; Gamma Distribution Calculator; Multivariate Hypergeometric Distribution Calculator; Laplace Distribution Calculator; Negative Binomial Distribution Calculator; Lognormal Distribution Calculator; Pareto Distribution Calculator; Poisson Distribution Calculator; Snedecor F Distribution Calculator; Weibull Distribution Calculator; etc…”
computergenerated analogs of popular games and processes), Analyses (collection of common webaccessible tools for statistical data analysis), Games (interfaces and simulations to reallife processes), Modeler (tools for distribution, polynomial and spectral modelfitting and simulation),…” For more information see the
Poisson Calculator; Normal Distribution Calculator; T Distribution Calculator; Chisquared Distribution Calculator; T Distribution Calculator; F Distribution Calculator; etc…”
observations (measurements) of some quantity or quality of something in the world. “Data” is a plural noun; the singular form is “datum.”…” Examples from over “23” Statistics Courses Chapters include
Chapter 5: Regression; Chapter 8: Probability: philosophy and mathematical background; Chapter 14: Standard error; Chapter 17: Estimating parameters from simple random samples; etc…” Examples of Statistics Calculator include:
Chisquare Distribution Calculator; Confidence Intervals Calculator; Histogram Calculator; Normal Approximation to Data Calculator; Scatterplots Calculator; etc…” For more information see

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