SECTION 3
(Calculators, Applets, Spreadsheets, 
ASTRONOMY PICTURE OF THE DAY OR WEEK
Astronomy Picture of the Day
For more information see
Astronomical Images of the Day or Week include
For more information see
ASTROPHYSICS PICTURE OF THE WEEK
THE FINGERPRINT OF STARS
The Fingerprint of Stars
For more information see HOW BIG IS THE UNIVERSE
EXOPLANETS EXPLAINED
Exoplanets Explained Video
For more information see THE FABRIC OF THE COSMOS: WHAT IS SPACE?
“The Fabric of the Cosmos”
SOLAR SYSTEM LECTURES, VIDEOS, ETC.
Canyon of Fire on the Sun Video (Published on 10/24/20013)
For more information see
Massive Filament Erupt on Sun Video
For more information see
The Nine Planets Solar System Tour
Photojournal
Registration Required. Solar System
For more information see EXPLORING DEEP SPACE VIDEOS
Deep Sky Videos
For more information see VIDEOS ABOUT THE SYMBOLS OF PHYSICS AND ASTRONOMY
ASTRONOMY & COSMOLOGY COURSES, LECTURES, TEXTBOOKS, ETC.
Examples of “Galaxies and the Expanding Universe” Course Lectures include
For more information see
Examples of “Stars, Galaxies and Cosmology” Course Chapters include
For more information see the GENERAL & SPECIAL RELATIVITY COURSES, LECTURES, TEXTBOOKS, ETC.
Relativity Lectures (Einstein Light) include
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For more information see
Examples of “Introduction to Differential Geometry and General Relativity” Course Chapters include
For more information see
ASTROBIOLOGY COURSES, LECTURES, TEXTBOOKS, NEWSLETTERS, CALCULATORS, ETC. Astrobiology Newsletters, etc.
Drake Equation Calculator
Examples of Drake Equation Calculator INPUT Values include
Habitable Planets
Life; Civilization; etc. For more information see
Drake Equation Calculator
For more information see Astrobiology Courses, Lectures, etc.
Astrobiology Primer
Examples of “Astrobiology Primer: An Outline of General Knowledge” Textbook Chapters include
Examples of “Astrobiology: Origin and Evolution of Habitable Worlds” Course Lectures include
Living on a Space Station; etc…” For more information see

Graduate Astronomy, Astrophysics,
Astrochemistry, Astrobiology & Cosmology
FOR MORE RELATED ASTROPHYSICS, ASTROCHEMISTRY & COSMOLOGY DATABASES SEE
Click ON “Astrophysics and Cosmology”. Astrophysics and Cosmology Database includes
For more information see the
Molecules in Space Database include the
For more information see the
Examples of Astrophysics & Astrochemistry Laboratory Databases include
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For more information see the
Examples of “Astrophysics 1” Course Lectures include
For more information see
Examples of “Astrophysics 2” Course Lectures include
For more information see
Examples of “Elements of Astrophysics” Textbook Chapters include
For more information see
Examples of Astrophysics, Astronomy, etc. Sessions Video Lectures & Individual Video Lectures include
For more information see the
Examples from over “38” “Stellar Interiors: Stellar Structure and Evolution” Course Lectures include
For more information see
Examples of “Nuclear Astrophysics” Course Lectures include
For more information see
Examples from over “20” “Experimental Methods in Nuclear, Particle, and Astrophysics” Course Lecture Notes include
For more information see
Examples of “Experimental Methods in Nuclear, Particle, and Astrophysics” Course Lectures include
For more information see

Examples of “Cosmology and Galaxy Formation” Course Lectures include
For more information see the
“General Relativity for Cosmology” Course includes
For more information see
“Quantum Field Theory for Cosmology” Course includes
For more information see
Examples of “Astronomical Techniques” Course Lectures include
Photography in Astronomy
Astrophotography at the Telescope
Electron Imaging
Interferometry; Spectral Interferometry
Photometry
Spectroscopy; Polarimetry; etc…” For more information see
Examples from over “35” “Galaxies and the Universe” Course Lectures include
For more information see
Examples of Astronomy, Astrophysics, etc. Video Lectures include
For more information see the
Examples of “General Relativity” Course Chapters include
For more information see
Examples of “Differential Geometry” Course Parts & Sections include
Part II (PDF, 77 Pages)
Part III (PDF, 72 Pages)
For more information see
Advanced General Relativity Course includes
For more information see
Examples of “Astronomical Techniques” Course Lectures include
Photography in Astronomy
Astrophotography at the Telescope
Electron Imaging
Interferometry; Spectral Interferometry
Photometry
Spectroscopy; Polarimetry; etc…” For more information see Radio Astronomy
Examples of “Radio Astronomy” Course Chapters & Subchapters include
Thermal Emission; Nonthermal Emmission
Pulsars; Spectral Lines; etc…” For more information see
Examples from over “13” “Radio Astronomy” Course Lectures include
For more information see
Examples from over “20” “Radio Astronomy: Synthesis Imaging Workshop” Lectures include
For more information see the
Astrobiology Newsletters, etc.
Astrobiology Courses, Lectures, etc.
Examples of “Exploring Organic Environments in the Solar System” Textbook Chapters & Subchapters include
Exploration: Where to Go and What to Study, 7 Approaches to Research. For more information see the
Examples of “The Limits of Organic Life in Planetary Systems” Textbook Chapters include
For more information see the
SCIENTIFIC CALCULATORS & APPLETS RELATED CENTERS FOR SI UNITS, MORE SCIENTIFIC CALCULATORS, ETC., SEE ASTROPHYSICS (HEASARC) CALCULATORS & APPLETS
HEASARC Web Tools are
HEASARC Web Tool Categories include:
For more information see
ASTROPHYSICAL CALCULATORS & APPLETS
AstroPhysical Calculator includes:
Astronomical Constants
Planetary Data
For more information see
BARYON ACOUSTIC OSCILLATION (BAO) SCALE
Synopsis: Cosmic Ruler Measured More Directly [Baryon Acoustic Oscillation (BAO) Scale]
For more information see ASTRONOMICAL/COSMIC DISTANCES CALCULATORS, APPLETS, ANIMATIONS & SIMULATIONS Astronomical Distances Calculator
For more information see Cosmic Distance Scales
For more information see Solar System Distance Calculator
For more information see ACCELERATION, TIME DILATION CALCULATORS & APPLETS
Constant ProperAcceleration Calculator
For more information see
ASTEROIDS & COMETS ORBIT VIEWER
NearEarth Asteroid Collision Monitoring System includes
For more information see ASTEROIDS, COMETS & SMALL BODIES DATABASES
The Small Bodies Node
For more information see ASTEROIDS COURSES, LECTURES, ETC.
VERY VERY EXTENSIVE. Asteroids
For more information see the COMETS DATABASES, LECTURES, ETC.
Comet Observations includes
Comets includes
German Comet Group Sections include
For more information see
Comet Brightness Estimates
For more information see the METEORS, METEOR SHOWERS, METEORIC FIREBALLS DATABSE, LECTURES, ETC.
ASTROGEOLOGY DATABASES
MapMaker
PLANETARY GEOSCIENCES COURSES, TEXTBOOKS, DATABASES, ETC.
Planetary Geosciences
For more information see PLANETARY ATMOSPHERES COURSES, TEXTBOOKS, DATABASES, ETC.
Planetary Atmospheres
For more information see

NUCLEOSYNTHESIS CALCULATORS, APPLETS, ANIMATIONS & SIMULATIONS
Star Cluster Formation in 3D
The Formation of Clusters of Stars and Brown Dwarfs Videos include:
Stars, Nebulae, Galaxies, etc.: Java Applets for Teaching of Astrophysics
For more information see
Plasma Diagnostics Calculator
Stellar Evolution Calculator – Stellar Evolutionary Tracks Calculator – Stellar Population Calculator
Chemical Evolution of Galaxies with detailed Nucleosynthesis Calculator INPUT Values include:
Age of Galaxy; Number of Time Steps; Number of Stellar Masses; etc…” Galaxy
Simple Nucleo
Chemical Evolution of Galaxies with Inflow of MetalPoor Gas Calculator INPUT Values include:
Constant dt; log(AR) Shift; etc.
Chemodynamical Evolution of Galaxies Calculator INPUT Values include:
NUCLEOSYNTHESIS MOVIES & SIMULATIONS
Examples of “Nucleosynthesis Movies” include
XRay Burst Simulations
rpprocess movie; etc…” For more information see NUCLEOSYNTHESIS CALCULATORS, APPLETS, ANIMATIONS, ETC. Nucleosynthesis Processes: Proton – Proton (PP) Chain Calculators:
For more information see STELLAR EVOLUTION CALCULATORS, APPLETS, ANIMATIONS & SIMULATIONS
Click on “Run Your Own Starburst99 Simulation”. The Starbust99 Simulation is
Starbust99 Calculator INPUT Values include:
Metallicity and Tracks
Atmospheres and Spectra
For more information see
Stellar Evolution Tracks
Examples of Stellar Evolution Tracks include:
For more information see

BLACK HOLES COURSES, LECTURES, TEXTBOOKS, CALCULATORS, SIMULATIONS, ETC.
Black Hole Information Paradox – AnÂ Introduction
For more information see
Examples of “Introduction to the Theory of Black Holes” Sections include
For more information see the
Examples of “Inside Black Holes” Course Lectures include
Examples of “Simulating eXtreme Spacetimes” Subject Categories include
BLACKBODY RADIATION CALCULATORS, APPLETS, ANIMATIONS & SIMULATIONS
Blackbody Radiation
Examples of Blackbody Radiation Applets include
For more information see COORDINATES CALCULATORS & APPLETS
HEASARC Web Tools are
HEASARC Web Tool Categories include:
For more information see
COSMOLOGY CALCULATORS, APPLETS, ANIMATIONS & SIMULATIONS
Cosmology Calculator
For more information see
Cosmology Calculator
Cosmology Calculator INPUT Values include:
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_{Matter}
_{Lambda}
Cosmology Calculator OUTPUT Values include:
For more information see
Cosmology Calculator
Cosmology Calculator INPUT Values include:
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_{Matter}
_{Lambda}
Cosmology Calculator OUTPUT Values include:
For more information see Cosmology Calculator INPUT Values include:
For more information see Cosmology Calculator INPUT Values include:
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_{Matter}
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_{Matter}
Cosmology Calculator OUTPUT Values include:
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For more information see

DOPPLER EFFECT LECTURES, LESSONS, ETC.
Examples of “Doppler Effect” Lectures include
For more information see DOPPLER SHIFT CALCULATORS, APPLETS, ANIMATIONS & SIMULATIONS Relativistic Doppler Effect Calculator INPUT Values include:
_{Source}
_{Observed}
For more information see
EARTH IMPACT EFFECTS
Earth Impact Effects Program
Earth Impact Effects Calculator INPUT Values include:
For more information see the EPHEMERIS CALCULATORS & APPLETS
Ephemeris Calculator INPUT Values include:
Target Body
Observer Location
Time Span; Table Settings; Display/Output. Ephemeris Calculator output values include:
Ephemeris Results
For more information see
New Object Ephemeris Generator
For more information see

EXTINCTION CALCULATORS, APPLETS, ANIMATIONS & SIMULATIONS Coordinate Transformation & Galactic Extinction Calculator
Coordinate Transformation & Galactic Extinction Calculator INPUT Values include:
For more information see
Galactic Dust Reddening and Extinction Calculator
For more information see
The York Extinction Solver (YES)
York Extinction Solver Calculators include:
Compute Extinction from Optical Depth Calculator; Compute Extinction Coefficients Calculator…”
EXOPLANETS EXPLAINED
Exoplanets Explained Video
For more information see EXTRASOLAR PLANETS DATABASE
SEARCH FOR HABITABLE PLANETS
HERTZSPRUNGRUSSELL DIAGRAM CALCULATORS, APPLETS, ANIMATIONS & SIMULATIONS
INTEGRAL CALCULATORS & APPLETS
Wolfram Mathematica Online Integrator
Wolfram Mathematica Online Integrator
For more information see INTERPLANETARY DUST COURSES, LECTURES, DATABASES, ETC.
The Small Bodies Node
For more information see IONOSPHERE CALCULATORS & APPLETS
FOR IONOSPHERE REALTIME DATABASES SEE THE JUPITER CALCULATORS & APPLETS
Jupiter Events Calculator
For more information see JUPITER’S MOONS CALCULATORS & APPLETS
Jupiter’s Moons
For more information see MAGNETOSPHERE RELATED CENTERS FOR MAGNETOSPHERE REALTIME DATABASES SEE THE MAGNETOSPHERE CALCULATORS & APPLETS

SPACE PHYSICS MODELS CALCULATORS & APPLETS
Community Coordinated Modeling Center (CCMC)
Examples of “Space Weather Models” include
Ionospheric Models
Plasmaspheric Models; Trapped Particle Models; Gravitation/Geopotential Models; Geomagnetic (Main) Field Models; Magnetospheric Field Models; Solar and Interplanetary Space Models; Planetary Models; etc…” For more information see
MSISE90 Atmosphere Model Calculator
Geomagnetic Field Model Calculator
GRF/DGRF Model Parameters and Corrected Geomagnetic Coordinates Calculator
NASA/IPAC EXTRAGALACTIC – CALCULATORS & APPLETS NASA/IPAC Extragalatic Database
For more information see
Advanced AllSky Search For Objects By Parameters Calculator INPUT Values include:
NED Velocity Correction Calculator INPUT Values include:
NED Sky Plot Calculator INPUT Values include:
NUCLEAR ASTROPHYSICS COURSES, TEXTBOOKS, ETC.
Examples of “Nuclear Astrophysics” Course Lectures include
For more information see NUCLEAR ASTROPHYSICS DATABASES FOR MORE NUCLEAR DATABASES SEE FOR NUCLEAR ENGINEERING COURSES, TEXTBOOKS, DATABASES, ETC. SEE Nuclear Astrophysics Index of Databases
Examples of “Nuclear Astrophysics” Databases Subject Categories include
For more information see Examples of Nuclear Astrophysics Databases
REACLIB Database
For more information see the
Nuclear Astrophysics
For more information see

ORBITAL MECHANICS CALCULATORS, APPLETS, ANIMATIONS & SIMULATIONS
“Interactive Investigation of the Shapes of Planetary Orbits” includes
Kepler’s Laws Calculators include
For more information see
Kepler’s Equation for Elliptical Motion, a Numerical Solution Utility:
For more information see
SOLAR SYSTEM
The Nine Planets Solar System Tour
Photojournal
Solar System
For more information see SUN CALCULATORS, APPLETS, ANIMATIONS & SIMULATIONS Shock Speed Calculator is
For more information see
PLANET CALCULATORS, APPLETS, ANIMATIONS & SIMULATIONS
Plantary Calculator for Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter,
For more information see RINGED PLANETS CALCULATORS & APPLETS
Rings Node is
For more information see
Saturn Moon Tracker
Martian Moon Tracker
MOON CALCULATORS, APPLETS, ANIMATIONS & SIMULATIONS
Lunar Perigee and Apogee Calculator
For more information see SOLAR SYSTEM CALCULATORS, APPLETS, ANIMATIONS & SIMULATIONS
Solar System Collisions Calculator
For more information see

PULSAR CALCULATORS, APPLETS, ANIMATIONS & SIMULATIONS
Extract FIRST Image Cutouts is
For more information see GENERAL RELATIVITY, DIFFERENTIAL GEOMETRY, DIFFERENTIABLE MANIFOLDS,
Relativity Lectures (Einstein Light) include
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For more information see
Examples of “Introduction to Differential Geometry and General Relativity” Course Chapters include
For more information see
Examples of “Differential Geometry – Volume I: Curves and Surfaces” Course Lectures include
Examples of “Differential Geometry – Volume II: Manifolds” Course Lectures include
For more information see
Examples of “General Relativity” Course Chapters include
For more information see
Examples of “Differential Geometry” Course Parts & Sections include
Part II (PDF, 77 Pages)
Part III (PDF, 72 Pages)
For more information see
Geometry of Manifolds Course
Examples from over “22” “Geometry of Manifolds” Course Lectures include
For more information see
Geometry of Manifolds Course is
Examples of “Geometry of Manifolds” Graduate Course Lectures include
For more information see
Click on “SemiRiemann Geometry and General Relativity”. Examples of “SemiRiemann Geometry and General Relativity” Course (Book) Chapters include
For more information see DIFFERENTIAL GEOMETRY CALCULATIONS
GRTensorII
Demonstrations of GRTensorII currently available are in the areas of:
For more information see RELATIVITY CALCULATORS & APPLETS Relativity Calculator
For more information see
Relativity Calculator Options include:
For more information see PLANET SATELLITE CALCULATORS & APPLETS
Satellite Calculator for Mars Satellites; Earth Satellites; Jupiter Satellites; Saturn Satellites; Uranus Satellites; etc. include:
For more information see
SPACE MISSIONS
SPACE TRACK DATA
Celes Trak includes
REAL TIME ORBITAL TRACKING
Tracking Applications include
Human Space Flight’s Tracking Map is
Live 3D Java Tracking Display
Predictions for Viewing Space Station, or Other Satellites; etc…” For more information see INTERNATIONAL SPACE STATION
SPACECRAFT COORDINATES CALCULATORS & APPLETS
SSCWeb
For more information see
Spacecraft/Plot Type Selection
For more information see the
SPACE FLIGHT COURSES, LECTURES, ETC.
Examples of “Basics of Space Fight” Course Chapters & Subchapters include
Flight Projects
Operations
For more information see the

SPECTRA ANALYSIS CALCULATORS, APPLETS, ANIMATIONS & SIMULATIONS
Spectrum of the Airglow Calculator
For more information see INTERSTELLAR & CIRCUMSTELLAR MOLECULES CALCULATORS & APPLETS
Molecular Spectroscopy
For more information see the
Molecular Spectroscopy
For more information see the MODEL IMAGES AND SPECTRA OF 3D OBJECTS CALCULATORS & APPLETS Model Images and Spectra of 3D Objects
For more information see SIMULATE SPECTRAL DATA FOR MISSIONS/INSTRUMENTS CALCULATORS & APPLETS
For more information see SPECTRA OF GAS DISCHARGES CALCULATORS & APPLETS
Spectra of Gas Discharges
For more information see
STARS, NEBULA, GALAXIES, ETC. VIDEOS, DATABASES & ATLASES Deep Sky Videos
Deep Sky Videos
For more information see Astronomy Sky Maps & Image Atlases
SkyMap
Google Sky
Astronomy Image Atlases & Databases
For more information see
Constellations
Multimedia Constellations Database (Text & Images). Constellations Database
For more information see Messier Objects: Nebulae, Clusters, Galaxies
Messier DeepSky Catalog Image Database includes
For more information see the
STARS CALCULATORS, APPLETS, ANIMATIONS & SIMULATIONS
Dynamical Astonomy
For more information see
Galactic Cannibalization
For more information see
Galaxy Crash
For more information see
Star Cluster Formation in 3D
The Formation of Clusters of Stars and Brown Dwarfs Videos include:
Stars, Nebulae, Galaxies, etc.: Java Applets for Teaching of Astrophysics
For more information see
Plasma Diagnostics Calculator
Stellar Evolution Calculator – Stellar Evolutionary Tracks Calculator – Stellar Population Calculator
Chemical Evolution of Galaxies with detailed Nucleosynthesis Calculator INPUT Values include:
Age of Galaxy; Number of Time Steps; Number of Stellar Masses; etc…” Galaxy
Simple Nucleo
Chemical Evolution of Galaxies with Inflow of MetalPoor Gas Calculator INPUT Values include:
Constant dt; log(AR) Shift; etc.
Chemodynamical Evolution of Galaxies Calculator INPUT Values include:

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