MARTINDALE’S CALCULATORS ONLINE CENTER ENGINEERING CENTER MECHANICAL ENGINEERING CENTER: SZ (Calculators, Applets, Spreadsheets, 
Sawmill Systems,
Equipment, Lumber & Plywood Milling
BANDSAW CALCULATORS, APPLETS, ANIMATIONS & SIMULATIONS BAND SAW CALCULATORS, APPLETS, ANIMATIONS & SIMULATIONS
Kerf; Arbor rpm; Gullet area factor; Depth of cut; Sawdust expansion factor; Arbor drive efficiency; Horsepower; Maximum feed speed; Wood Species:
Larch, Maple, Oak, Pine, Redwood, Spruce, etc. For more information see
Depth of Cut; Gullet Area, etc…” For more information see
For more information see
Band Saw Surface Feet per Minute (SFPM) Band Saw Surface Feet per Minute INPUT Values include:

difference between the simulation and a real caliper…” For more information see
“…Canter:
closecoupled to a twin band or twin circular resaw to manufacture a two sided cant. On a small log line, one can find various types of headrigs, ranging from a chippercanter to a completely integrated machine centre like a foursided canter…” For more information see
Depth of Cut; Gullet Area, etc…” For more information see
design a dust collection system…” For more information see
Total depth of cut; Sawdust expansion factor; Wood Species
Larch, Maple, Oak, Pine, Redwood, Spruce, etc. Arbor drive efficiency; Feed speed; etc…” For more information see
between 10,000 15,000 CPM…” For more information see
Slope Calculator; Compound Angle – Butted joint Calculator…” For more information see
For more information see
For more information see
For more information see
between 10,000 15,000 CPM…” For more information see
Total depth of cut; Sawdust expansion factor; Wood Species:
Larch, Maple, Oak, Pine, Redwood, Spruce, etc. Arbor drive efficiency; Feed speed; etc…” For more information see 
GASKET GUIDES, LECTURES, GLOSSARIES, TECHNICAL REPORTS, ETC.
Gasket/ORing Data; Gasket Styles; Special Gaskets; etc…” For more information see ORING GUIDES, LECTURES, LESSONS, DATABASES, GUIDES, ETC.
a lot to consider as you design a seal for a specific application…” “…This guide provides detailed information on the many factors that influence the design of an effective Oring seal…” Examples of “ORing Design & Materials Guide” Chapters & Subchapters include
Selecting the Material
Chemical Properties; Thermal Properties; Material Profiles; etc…” Designing the Seal
Environment; Construction; etc…” Diagnosing ORing Failure
Compression Set; Dieseling; Explosive Decompression; etc…” Exploring Other Options; For more information see
For more information see
range of cross section diameters that will fit a given gland size and tolerance range in a radial seal…” ORing Calculator INPUT Values include:
Groove Tolerance; ORing Maximum & Minimum Compressions; ORing Crosssection Diameter Tolerance…” For more information see SEAL GUIDES, LECTURES, LESSONS, DATABASES, ETC.
PACKING CALCULATORS, APPLETS, ANIMATIONS & SIMULATIONS SHAFT SEALS DESIGN GUIDES, MANUALS, LESSONS, DATABASES, ETC.
are widely used in conjunction with rotating, reciprocating, and oscillating shafts to contain fluids and to exclude contaminants. In some applications, shaft seals are designed…” Examples of “Shaft Seals Design Guide & Shaft Seal Installation Guide” Chapters include
Selecting the Lip Material; Designing the Seal; Manufacturing & Quality Assurance; Installation & Performance; Sample Applications; etc…” For more information see
Stuffing Box Pressure Calculator (Back Vanes – Open Impeller) Stuffing Box Pressure Calculator (Back Vanes – Open Impeller) INPUT Values include:
Cut Ring Packing Unit Length…” 
EXTENSION SPRING CALCULATORS, APPLETS, ETC. TORSION SPRING CALCULATORS, APPLETS, ETC. ROUND WIRE HELICAL SPRING CALCULATORS, APPLETS, ETC. CONE COMPRESSION SPRING CALCULATORS, APPLETS, ETC. COMPRESSION, EXTENSION & TORSION SPRING CALCULATORS
“…Instantly turn your spring design into a working blueprint. Save it to your computer, email it to a client, or…” For more information see
Double Closed Ends; Open Ends; etc…” English or Metric;
Free Length of Spring; etc…” Type of Material
Stainless (302 A313); Chrome Silicon (A401); Inconel (AMS 5687); etc…”
Croos Over Center Hooks; No Hooks; Side Hooks; etc…” English or Metric;
Free Length of Spring; etc…” Type of Material
Carbon Valve (A230); Phosphor Bronze Grade A Bs; Beryllium Copper (B197); etc…”
Compression Spring Design Calculator INPUT Values include:
Case (2 Loads, 2 Lengths; 1 Load, 1 Length; Analysis); Maximum & Minimum Load; Maximum Length; Spring Material (Music Wire; Beryllium Copper; Spring Brass, etc.); End Type (Squared; Plain; Plain & Ground; Squared & Ground); Maximum Outside Diameter; Minimum Inside Diameter; Wire Diameter; etc…” For more information see
Examples of Extension Spring Design Calculator INPUT Values include
Units (SI or English); Maximum Load; Maximum Length; Minimum Load; Minimum Length; Minimum or Maximum Rate; Spring Material (Music Wire; Hard Drawn Wire; Oil Tempered Wire); End Loop Relationship (Unimportant; 90 Degrees; 180 Degrees; 360 Degrees); Number of Standard End Loops; End Loop Style (Regular Machine Loops; Half Machine Loops; Crossover Loops); Minimum Number of Coils; Factor of Safety; Maximum Outside Diameter; Minimum Inside Diameter; Spring Inactive Length; Wire Diameter; etc…” For more information see ROUND WIRE HELICAL SPRING CALCULATORS
Mean coil diameter; Number of active coils; Shear modulus; Spring force; Spring radius; Spring deflection; Energy stored; etc…” For more information see CONE COMPRESSION SPRING CALCULATORS
Mean coil diameter; Number of active coils; Shear modulus; Spring force; Spring radius; Spring deflection; Spring stiffness; etc…” For more information see SPRING CALCULATORS
Calculator for Finding Forces & Shear Stresses in Compression Springs Compression Spring Calculator for Finding Forces & Shear Stresses in Compression Springs INPUT Values include:
Wire diameter; Outer diameter of spring; Spring constant…”
Maximum force on spring; Minimum force on spring; Wire diameter; Outer diameter of spring; Material’s limiting fatigue stress; Material’s yield stress; etc…”
FOR SPROCKET CALCULATORS SEE STATISTICAL MECHANICS COURSES, LECTURES & TEXTBOOKS Statistical Mechanics Textbooks
but of sophisticated students and researchers in mathematics, biology, engineering, computer science, and the social sciences….” Examples of “Statistical Mechanics: Entropy, Order Parameters, and Complexity” Textbook Chapters include
Temperature and equilibrium; Entropy; Free energies; Quantum statistical mechanics; Order parameters, broken symmetry, and topology; Abrupt phase transitions; etc…” For more information see Statistical Mechanics Courses & Lectures
at the macroscale (thermodynamics) can be obtained by analyzing the spontaneous fluctuations at the microscale (dynamics of molecules)…” Examples of “Introduction to Statistical Mechanics” Lectures include
Probability; Classical Mechanics; Microcanonical Ensemble; Thermodynamics Entropy; NPT and Grand Canonical Ensembles; Applications to Solids; etc…” For more information see
Statistical Ensembles; Noninteracting Quantum Systems; Interacting Systems; Mean Field Theory of Phase Transitions; Nonequilibrium Phenomena; etc…” For more information see
Critical phenomena. Scaling. Continuum field theory; Monte Carlo; Finish Coldea experiment. Begin frustrated magnets and ice; Spin ice. Spin liquid and correlations; Finish spin ice. Begin order by disorder; Quantum critical points in metals – introduction; Hertz theory. Upper critical dimension; etc…” For more information see
Characterizing the structure of liquids; Perturbation theory and the van der Waals equation; Discretized and continuous path integrals; Expansion about the classical path and stationary phase; Calculation of spectra from perturbation theory; etc…” For more information see the 
Steam Engineering
Steam Engineering
Thermodynamic Properties of

absorb energy. Depending on the pressure in the boiler, the water will evaporate at a certain temperature to form steam. The steam contains a large quantity of stored energy which will eventually be transferred to the process or the space to be heated…” Examples of “Steam Engineering” Course Chapters & Subchapters include
Methods of Estimating Steam Consumption; Heating with Coils and Jackets; etc… The Boiler House:
Boiler Efficiency and Combustion; Boiler Fittings and Mountings; Bottom Blowdown; Methods of Detecting Water Level in Steam Boilers; Pressurised Deaerators; Steam Accumulators; etc…” Flowmetering:
Types of Steam Flowmeter; etc…” Basic Control Theory:
Choice and Selection of Controls; etc…” Control Hardware: Electric/Pneumatic Actuation:
Control Valve Sizing for Water Systems; Control Valve Sizing for Steam Systems; etc… Safety Valves:
R Safety Valve Sizing; etc…”
Thermodynamic Steam Traps; Selecting Steam Traps; Air Venting Theory; etc…” etc.
Steam Engineering” Calculators include
and operations personnel perform initial selfassessments of their steam systems…” Steam System Assessment Tool (SSAT)
Using these models, you can apply SSAT to quantify the magnitudeâ€”energy, cost, and…” For more information see
Fluorine; Carbon monoxide; Carbon dioxide; Dinitrogen Monoxide; Deuterium oxide; Methanol; Methane; Ethane; Ethene; Propane; Propene; Propyne; Cyclopropane; Butane; etc…” Units
Viscosity; Surface Tension…” Type of Data
Saturation Properties…” Thermophysical Properties of Fluid Systems Calculator OUTPUT values include:
Auxiliary Data
Critical Pressure; Critical Density; Acentric Factor; Normal Boiling Point; Dipole Moment…” etc. For more information see

show the importance of a properly designed and maintained system…” For more information see
Flash Steam Calculator Flash Steam Calculator INPUT Values include
System Load in Pounds per Hour; Cost of Steam Per 1000 Pounds; etc…”
Hours Per Day Process Operates; etc…”

FATIGUE CALCULATORS, TECHNICAL REPORTS, DATABASES, ETC.
including fatigue calculators, material databases, stress concentration factors, everything you needed for a fatigue assessment…” Fatigue Technologies include
Variable Amplitude; Finite Element Model; Multiaxial; Probabilistic; High Temperature; Welded Structures; Cast Iron…”
MEASUREMENT & CONTROL: TEMPERATURE LESSONS, DATABASES, CALCULATORS, ETC.
Data Acquistion; Force Related Measurements; etc….” Temperature:
Thermocouple Wire; Wire Color Codes and Limits of Error; Introduction to Temperature Controllers; Introduction to Temperature Measurement; etc…” Pressure, Strain and Force:
Introduction to Load Cells; Introduction to Pressure Transducers; etc…” Flow and Level:
Introduction to Flow Meters; Liquid Flowmeters; etc…” Data Acquisition:
Introduction to Data Acquisition Systems; Introduction to Data Logging Systems; etc…” For more information see ZERO BALANCE CALCULATORS, APPLETS, ANIMATIONS & SIMULATIONS
parallel with the bridge, will balance the sensor’s zero…” Zero Balance Calculator INPUT Values include:
For more information see

Thermodynamics
Thermodynamics Courses & Textbooks
processes that involve changes in temperature, transformation of energy, and the relationships between heat and work…” Examples of “Thermodynamics” Course Chapters include
The First Law of Thermodynamics; The First Law Applied to Engineering Cycles; Background to the Second Law of Thermodynamics; The Second Law of Thermodynamics; Applications of the Second Law; Entropy on the Microscopic Scale; Power Cycles with TwoPhase Media; Introduction to Propulsion; Integral Momentum Equation; Generating Heat: Thermochemistry; Conductive Heat Transfer; Convective Heat Transfer; etc…” For more information see
Energy and Work, the 1st Law of Thermodynamics; Transport Phenomena; Macrostates and Microstates; Entropy and the 2nd Law of Thermodynamics; Entropy and Temperature; Heat Engines; Thermodynamic Potentials; The van der Waals Gas; Phase Transformations in Binary Mixtures; Chemical Equilibrium; Boltzmann Statistics; Canonical Ensembles; Degenerate Fermi Gas; BoseEinstein Condensation; Debye Theory of Solids; etc…” For more information see
Gibbsien Equations; Legendre Transforms; Introduction to Statistical Mechanics; Statistics & Ensembles; Classical & Semiclassical Partition Functions; Chemical Equilibrium Constants and Nonideal Behavior; Virial Coefficients, Equations of State, and the Pair Correlation Function; Conformal Solutions Theory and Generalized Cubic EOS; etc…” For more information see the
Statistical Ensembles; Noninteracting Quantum Systems; Interacting Systems; Mean Field Theory of Phase Transitions; Nonequilibrium Phenomena; etc…” For more information see
of many body systems. Virtually all substances which we encounter in everyday life are many body systems of some sort or other (e.g., solids, liquids, gases, and light). Not surprisingly, therefore, thermodynamics is a discipline with an exceptionally wide range of applicability…” Examples of “Thermodynamics & Statistical Mechanics” Course Chapters include
Statistical Mechanics; Heat and Work; Statistical Thermodynamics; Classical Thermodynamics; Applications of Statistical Thermodynamics; Quantum Statistics; etc…” For more information see the Thermodynamics Tools, Calculators, Applets, Simulations, Lessons, etc.
TEST offers analysis tools for property evaluation of hundreds of working substances, energy, entropy, and exergy analysis of open and closed systems, IC engines, gas and vapor power cycles, refrigeration, HVAC, combustion, chemical equilibrium, and gas dynamics…” For more information see the
Quebec, Canada. We hope you find it is a useful tool to help you understand common heat transfer problems and thermal phenomena. Although we try and test the tools to ensure quality, this tool is provided for your personal use…” Thermal Wizard includes:
Air; Gases; Water; Liquids; etc…” Conduction Calculators examples include
Conduction Across Multilayered Isothermal Cylinder Calculator; Thermal Interface (Contact) Resistance and Temperature Difference Calculator; Rectangular Thin Plate Embedded in SemiInfinite Medium Calculator; etc…” Convection Calculators examples include:
Forced Convection in the Fully Developed Region of a Duct Calculator; Forced Convection Across Isothermal Square Rod Calculator; Natural Convection in a Vertical Parallel Plate Channel Calculator; Natural Convection between Horizontal Concentric Cylinders Calculator; etc…” Radiation Calculators examples include:
Radiation between Parallel Disk Surfaces of Unequal Radius Calculator; etc…” Head Loss Coefficients Calculators examples include:
Head Loss Across a Thin Perforated Plate Calculator; Head Loss Across Louvers Calculator; etc…” For more information see 
Thermochemical
selected set of 631 gasphase molecules. Tools for comparing experimental and computational idealgas thermochemical properties…” Computational Chemistry Comparison and Benchmark Calculated Data includes:
Rotation and Moments of Inertia; Bond orders from AIM analysis; Point Group for a given molecule at different levels of theory; etc…” Vibrations Calculated Data
Vibrational frequencies, intensities and reduced masses; Compare reduced masses for a given vibrational mode; Bad Vibrational Frequency calculations; etc…” Entropies Calculated Data
Energetics Calculated Data
Barriers to Internal Rotation; Nuclear repulsion Energies; etc…” Electrostatics Calculated Data
Electric dipole moments; Polarizabilities; etc…” Compare Calculations
Compare calculated vibrational intensities vibrations; Compare energy difference of a single point calculation; Calculated properties for several species; etc…” For more information see the
It allows the user to perform simulations of crystallization and assimilation in magmatic systems under various evolution scenarios, such as adiabatic decompression melting, fractional crystallization, etc…” Geothermometer Applet
geothermometer. Once completed. theapplet will permit onthefly creation of mineral geothermometers by allowing the user to select among internally consistent thermodynamic models for phases, mixing and matching endmembers, until univariant reactions are…” Phase Properties Applet
at OFM Research Inc. It allows the user to select a phase, optionally input its composition, convert between practical and thermodynamic components, and…” For more information see the
Fluorine; Carbon monoxide; Carbon dioxide; Dinitrogen Monoxide; Deuterium oxide; Methanol; Methane; Ethane; Ethene; Propane; Propene; Propyne; Cyclopropane; Butane; etc…” Units
Viscosity; Surface Tension…” Type of Data
Saturation Properties…” Thermophysical Properties of Fluid Systems Calculator OUTPUT values include:
Auxiliary Data
Critical Pressure; Critical Density; Acentric Factor; Normal Boiling Point; Dipole Moment…” etc. For more information see
components and produce a graph of pressure vs. volume with lines of constant temperature. A second graph is pressure vs. enthalpy with lines of constant temperature…” Thermodynamic Properties Calculator (with Final Pressure Other Than One Atmosphere)
components and determine the vaporliquid split (if twophase), the liquid and vapor densities, enthalpies, heat capacities, and compositions at an input temperature and pressure…” Thermodynamic Properties Calculator (for Light Hydrocarbons)
or a mixture of components and determine the vaporliquid split (if twophase), the liquid and vapor densities, enthalpies, heat capacities, and compositions at an input temperature and pressure…” Dew Points and Bubble Points Calculator
components and calculate dew points and bubble points. This page is uses the PengRobinson equation of state to predict the properties of these mixtures…” For more information see

of phase stability relationships in abinary system with up to 4 phases…&…will compute and display the GX diagram in the panel at upperright and isobaric and isothermal sections in the lower panels…” For more information see
from any set of reactants and determines thermodynamic and transport properties for the product mixture. Builtin applications include calculation of theoretical rocket performance, ChapmanJouguet detonation parameters, shock tube parameters, and combustion properties…” “…Associated with the program are independent databases with transport and thermodynamic properties of individual species. Over 2000 species are contained in the thermodynamic database…” Thermo Build
state thermodynamic properties of individual species…” CAP (Coefficients And Properties)
from thermodynamic data in the NASA format…” PAC (Properties And Coefficients)
required by CEA, from gasphase spectroscopic constants or tabulated literature data…” For more information see
role in the prediction of the extent of reaction and the position of equilibrium for any process in which these reactions occur…” “…The data presented herein is limited to direct equilibrium and calorimetric measurements performed on these reactions under in vitro conditions. This is the principal thermodynamic information that is needed to determine the position of equilibrium of a given reaction…” Examples of “Enzyme Catalyzed Reactions” using predefined values include
Buffer; Enzyme; ECNumber; Method; pH; Cofactor; Evaluation; etc…” For more information see
HEAT TRANSFER CALCULATORS, APPLETS & SPREADSHEETS (XLS) THERMAL CALCULATORS, APPLETS, ANIMATIONS & SIMULATIONS Heat Transfer Courses, Lectures, Textbooks, etc.
Heat Conduction Concepts, Thermal Resistance, and the Overall Heat Transfer Coefficient; Heat Exchanger Design; Analysis of Heat Conduction and some Steady Onedimensional Problems; Transient and Multidimensional Heat Conduction; Laminar and Turbulent Boundary Layers; Forced Convection in a Variety of Configurations; Heat Transfer in Boiling and other Phasechange Configurations; Radiative Heat Transfer; An Introduction to Mass Transfer; etc. For more information see Heat Conduction Calculators, Applets, Simulations, etc.
Stainless Steel; etc…” Thickness; Temperature…” For more information see Heat Transfer Calculators, Spreadsheets (xls), Models, etc.
Fluid Properties: Thermal Fluid Properties Calculator; Heat Sinks: Natural Convection for Rectangular Heat Sinks Calculator; Special Functions Calculator
complementary error functions, gamma functions, and Bessel functions of integer or fractional order, etc. Spreading Resistance Calculators
Spreading Resistance of Rectangular Disk with Edge Cooling Calculator; etc…” For more information see the
conduction in a unit square with one boundary held at a different temperature than the other three and…” Planck’s Law Calculator
power for a number of source temperatures…” Radiation View Factors Calculators include:
Coaxial Disks Calculator; Coaxial Cylinders Calculator; Parallel Rectangles Calculator…” Solution of Blasius Equation Calculator
for flow in a laminar, selfsimilar, flat plate boundary layer. The RungeKutta integration scheme and shooting algorithm…” InternalFlow Convection Correlations Calculator
a circular pipe as a function of the Reynolds (based on diameter) and Prandtl numbers…” OneDimensional Compressible Flows Calculator
(2) Normal shock functions, (3) Flow with friction (Fanno Line), and (4) Flow with heat addition (Rayleigh Line)…” For more information see Thermal Calculators, Applets, Simulations, Models, etc.

for a species, a group of species, or a chemical reaction…” “…Select the units, specify a temperature range and enter a chemical reaction – Up to 2 reactants and 2 products may be entered…” “…If the reaction is unbalanced (and contains no charged ions), ReactionWeb attempts to balance it before computing the properties…” PredomWeb – Onemetal Isothermal Predominance Area Diagram
which possible compound phases are most stable over the specified ranges of the axes….” EpHWeb – Onemetal Eh vs pH Pourbaix Diagram
various concentrations (m) of solutes in a dilute aqueous phase…”
FACT Database for Hall Aluminum Process; FACT Light Metal Alloy Databases; FactSage Lead Alloy Database; FactSage Steel Alloy Database; SGTE Solder Alloy Database; etc…”
Binary Noble Metal Phase Diagrams; Binary Copper Phase Diagrams; Binary Lead Phase Diagrams; Nuclear Binary and Ternary Phase Diagrams; Aluminium Pproduction Phase Diagrams; Pulp and Paper Phase Diagrams; etc…”
thousands of compounds as well as to evaluated and optimized databases for hundreds of solutions of metals, liquid and solid oxide solutions, mattes, molten and solid salt solutions, aqueous solutions, etc…” With FactSage
multicomponent equilibria, with a wide variety of tabular and graphical output modes, under a large range of constraints. For example, general Ncomponent phase diagram sections can be easily generated with a wide choice of axis variables; matte/metal/slag/gas/solid equilibria can be accurately calculated, tabulated and plotted for industrial systems; multicomponent predominance and EpH diagrams…” For more information see the
Limits of Axes
For more information see the
to 3 reactants containing a total of up to 5 different elements…”
zero magnetic field calculated from D.S. Greywall…” Helium 3 Calculator INPUT Values include:
For more information see
For more information see 
kinetics results for thermal gasphase chemical reactions. The database is designed to be searched for kinetics data based on the specific reactants involved, for reactions resulting in specified products, for all the reactions of a particular species, or for various combinations of these…” Chemical Kinetics Database
separate reaction records for over 11,700 distinct reactant pairs…” For more information see
petrology students interested in extracting pressuretemperature information from rocks. It is assumed that you have completed a typical undergraduate petrology course…” Examples of “Mineral Thermobarometry” Course Lessons include
Chemical Mineralogy of Common Mineral Groups; Solid solutions, mixing models and activity calculations; etc…” THERMOCALC
for tackling mineral equilibria problems. It has two main components: the application itself, and the internallyconsistent thermodynamic dataset it uses…” For more information see
Combustion
Engine Cycle Models
Finite Heat Release Otto Cycle; Finite Heat Release Otto Cycle with Heat Transfer…” For more information see

TOOLING CALCULATORS, APPLETS, ANIMATIONS & SIMULATIONS
DDR/DRB Calculator INPUT Values include:
Tooling Calculator is used
Tooling Calculator INPUT Values include:
For more information see SHEET METAL TOOLING CALCULATORS, APPLETS, ANIMATIONS & SIMULATIONS
Bending Springback Calculator; VBending Force Calculator; Wipe Bending Force Calculator; Deep Drawing Force Calculator…” For more information see 
TORQUE CALCULATORS, APPLETS, ANIMATIONS & SIMULATIONS
Bolt Material
Proof Strength;
Yield Strength; For more information see
Prescripbed Tensile Stress; Tread Coefficient of Friction; Tighting Torque to Preload A Bolt Calculator OUTUT values include:
Tensile Stress Area; Ultimate Tensile Strength; Yield Strength; Tensile Stress; Torsional Stress; Equivalent Stress; Thread Friction; Head Face Friction; Total Tightening Torque; etc…” For more information see
For more information see
standard properties box…” “…The default friction values are suitable for non lubricated steel bolts. The calculated values (at the top of the calculator, in red) are the maximum recommended values, based on 90% of yield. If you want to know the torque needed to generate a lower load, vary the Yield parameter until the desired load appears…” Torque Tension Calculator INPUT Values include:
Root Diameter; Hex A/F…” Standard Parameters
Friction Coefficients
For more information see FRICTION HINGE TORQUE CALCULATORS, APPLETS, ANIMATIONS & SIMULATIONS
Position Hinge; Clutch; Torque Hinge; or Detent Hinge…” Friction Hinge Torque Calculator INPUT Values include:
Per Hinge if Two Hinges are Used…” For more information see
industrial applications, including electronics, medical, marine, automotive and home products…” Torque Calculator For Friction Hinges INPUT Values include:
Length To CG; Minimum Angle Required To Hold The Panel…” For more information see TORQUE SPEED CALCULATORS, APPLETS, ANIMATIONS & SIMULATIONS
Calculate Speed from Torque & Power; Convert Torque; Convert Power; etc…” Power, Speed or Torque. For more information see TORQUE WRENCH EXTENSION CALCULATORS, APPLETS, ANIMATIONS & SIMULATIONS
For more information see 
TREBUCHET CALCULATORS, APPLETS, ANIMATIONS & SIMULATIONS
different trebuchet configurations…” TURBULENCE RELATED CENTERS FOR MORE TURBULENCE COURSES, LECTURES, DATABASES, CALCULATORS, ETC. SEE TURBULENCE COURSES, LECTURES, ANIMATIONS, SIMULATIONS, ETC.
frustrating and important problems in all of classical physics. It is a fact that most ď¬‚uid ď¬‚ows are turbulent, and at the same time ď¬‚uids occur, and in many cases represent the dominant physics, on all macroscopic scales throughout the known universeâ€”from the interior of biological cells, to circulatory and respiratory systems of living creatures, to countless technological devices…” Examples of “Introductory Lectures on Turbulence: Physics, Mathematics and Modeling” Chapters & Subchapters include
Statistical Analysis and Modeling of Turbulence
The Kolmogorov Theory of Turbulence; etc. LargeEddy Simulation and MultiScale Methods
Dynamical Systems and MultiScale Methods; etc. For more information see
Boiler; Charged Fibers; Charged Particles; CO2 Sequestration; Coal Ash Deposition; CRCD; Fractured Rocks; Gas Hydrates; Glass Furnaces; Indoor Air; Nano Aerosols; Particle Resuspension; Powder Dispersion; Sediment Transportration Control; etc…” For more information see the TURBULENT FLOW CALCULATORS & APPLETS
turbulent flow situation in pipes…” For more information see
VIBRATION COURSES, TEXTBOOKS, LECTURES, LESSONS, ETC.
as they apply to the determination of machine operating characteristics and deficiencies. The first chapter underscores the importance of vibration analysis in the field of predictive maintenance and root cause failure analysis. The chapters on vibration theory and frequency analysis lay the groundwork for…” Exampes of “Introduction to Machine Vibration” Course Chapters & Subchapters include
Linear and NonLinear Systems; Frequency Analysis; Octave Band and OneThird Octave Band Analysis; etc…” The FFT Analyzer
Machine Vibration Monitoring
The Concept of Spectrum Comparison…” Machine Vibration Analysis
Statistical Properties of Vibration Signals; Amplitude Demodulation; Root Cause Failure Analysis…” Machine Diagnosis
Rolling Element Bearings; Mechanical Looseness; Electrically Induced Vibration; Turbines; Pumps; etc…” For more information see the
Intermediate Vibration Monitoring Course Lessons
Frequency Response and Mounted Resonance; Monitoring Machinery Vibration with Process Controllers; etc…” Advanced Vibration Monitoring Course Lessons
Measuring Fan and Motor Vibration; Motor Management with Vibration Protection; etc… Case Studies; etc. For more information see HANDARM VIBRATION CALCULATORS, & SPREADSHEETS (XLS) HANDARM VIBRATION EXPOSURE CALCULATOR (SPREADSHEET OPENS ONLINE WITH EXCEL, iWORKNUMBERS, IBM LOTUS SYMPHONY, NEOOFFICE, OPENOFFICE CALC, ETC.) – Vibration at Work, Health and Safety Executive (HSE), Government, United Kingdom (U.K.) VERY EXTENSIVE. HandArm Virbration Exposure Calculator INPUT Values include
For more information see 
VISCOSITY RELATED CENTERS FOR MORE VISCOSITY COURSES, LECTURES, DATABASES, ETC. SEE VISCOSITY CALCULATORS, APPLETS, ANIMATIONS & SIMULATIONS
the motion of any solid object through the fluid and also against motion of the fluid itself past stationary obstacles. Viscosity also acts internally on the fluid between slower and faster moving adjacent layers…” For more information see
the resistance gets higher,…” Viscosity Calculator INPUT Values include:
For more information see
Hydrocarbon Vapor; Hydrogen; Natural Gas; Nitrogen; Oxygen; Sulfur Dioxide…” Temperature
Viscosity Units
For more information see
For more information see
WINCHES CALCULATORS, APPLETS, ANIMATIONS & SIMULATIONS
IR Drum Capacity Estimator Drum Capacity Calculator INPUT Values include:
Freeboard; Cable Diameter; Units of Measure; etc…” Drum Capacity Calculator OUTPUT values include:
Recommended Working Capacity; D/d ratio; Minimum Distance to Lead Sheave; etc…”
1st Layer Travel; etc…”
Sling Load Calculator INPUT values include
Number of Legs Supporting Load; Maximum Leg Angle; etc…” For more information see CRANE CALCULATORS, APPLETS, ANIMATIONS & SIMULATIONS
runway beam as per AISC LRFD 13 and ASD 9 1. Bridge crane load calculation for load input to other structural analysis software for building structural analysis 2. It can design both top running & underhung overhead bridge crane runway beam or girder 3. It can design…” For more information see
LoadCalculator for load with 3 Attachmentpoints Crane Load Calculator for load with 3 Attachmentpoints INPUT Values include:
Total Weight of Load; Values Out of Range
Strength of Lifting Tackle
Winch Calculator INPUT Values include:
R Diameter of Cable; Flange Support Width; Flange Support Depth…”

WIND ENGINEERING COURSES, LECTURES, MANUALS, ETC. FOR RELATED COURSES, DATABASES, MOVIES, ETC. SEE THE
and its potential, modeling and design horizontal axis wind turbines, and analysis of the economic benefits of wind turbine systems…” Examples of “Wind Engineering” Course Lectures include
Review of airfoil aerodynamics; Blade element theory; Horizontal axis wind turbine design using blade element theory; Economic analysis of wind turbine systems; etc…”
Torque Generation in Wind Turbines; Orography and Wind Turbine Siting; Offshore Wind Farms Siting; Vertical Axis Wind Turbine; Dynamic and Structural Loading in Wind Turbines; Fatigue Loading in Wind Turbines; Control of Wind Turbines; Computational Fluid Dynamics; Monte Carlo Simulation of Fluid Flow; Legal Considerations of Wind Power Generation; Economics of Wind Energy; Wind Project Development and Financing; Electrical Generation and Grid System Integration; Energy Storage with Wind Power; Radar Signatures of Wind Turbines; High Voltage Direct Current for Wind Power; Smart Electrical Grid and Metering; etc…” For more information see WIND TURBINE CALCULATORS, APPLETS, SPREADSHEETS (XLS), SIMULATIONS, ETC.
NOISE CALCULATORS, APPLETS, ANIMATIONS & SIMULATIONS
point source either in free space (spherical) or over a reflective plane (hemispherical). It can also take into account atmospheric attenuation, using an attenuation rate entered by the user…” For more information see WIRE CALCULATORS, APPLETS, ANIMATIONS & SIMULATIONS
Wire Gauge, Tensilstrength, DCregistance Calculation Wire Gauge, Tensilstrength, DCregistance Calculator inpur values include:
Construction (Solid or Stranded)…”
Inner Conductor Diameter; Outer Diameter/Conductor Spacing; Dielectric (PE (polyethylene); CPE (formed polyethylene); PTFE (Tefron); PVC (polyvinylcroride); AIR (air)…” WIRE GAGE CALCULATORS, APPLETS, ANIMATIONS & SIMULATIONS
For more information see WIRE RESISTANCE CALCULATORS, APPLETS, ANIMATIONS & SIMULATIONS
of your fixturing, the connector’s contact resistance, the device under test (DUT) resistance, and variations caused by temperature and measurement accuracy…” Wire Resistance Calculator INPUT Values include:
Contact resistance from fixture to DUT: Point A & Point B; Wire in DUT (Length)…” For more information see WIRE CLOTH CALCULATORS, APPLETS, ANIMATIONS & SIMULATIONS

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