MARTINDALE’S CALCULATORS ONLINE CENTER ENGINEERING CENTER CARTOGRAPHY, DRAFTING, GEOMATICS ENGINEERING, METROLOGY (Calculators, Applets, Spreadsheets, 
Geodetics ~ Land Tenure Systems – Surveying Optical Metrology ~

Cartography
Cartography – Mapping CARTOGRAPHY RELATED CENTERS FOR NAVIGATION CALCULATORS, APPLETS, ANIMATIONS & SIMULATIONS SEE CARTOGRAPHY COURSES, LECTURES, ETC.
MAP SCALE CALCULATORS & APPLETS
For more information see 
Drafting
Drafting DRAFTING RELATED CENTERS FOR HOME CONSTRUCTION & REMODELING SEE FOR MAJOR COMMERCIAL STUCTURES, ETC. SEE THE DRAFTING CALCULATORS, APPLETS, ANIMATIONS & SIMULATIONS
COMPUTER AIDED DESIGN (CAD) COURSES & SOFTWARE SCALE MODEL CALCULATORS, APPLETS, ANIMATIONS & SIMULATIONS
geometrical constructions, orthographic projection, dimensioning techniques, sectional views, auxiliary views,…” For more information see
Scale UP Conversion Calculator…” For more information see 
Geomatics Engineering
GEOMATICS ENGINEERING (GEODETICS) RELATED CENTERS FOR NAVIGATION COURSES, CALCULATORS, APPLETS, ETC. SEE GEODESY – GEODYNAMICS COURSES, TEXTBOOKS, LECTURES, ETC. Undergraduate Geographic Information Systems (GIS) & Remote Sensing Courses, Textbooks, Lectures, etc.
Digital Terrain Analysis; Spatial Overlays and Querying; Neighborhood Analyses; Shape Analyses; Fuzzy Logic; Remote Sensing Data; Image Processing; GPS and Remote Data Collection; etc…” For more information see the
Geographical Data Structures; Geographical Data Analysis; Spatial Queries and Measurement; Cartographic Output; etc…” For more information see the Global Positioning Systems Courses, Textbooks, Lectures, etc.
Coordinate and Time Systems; GPS Satellite Orbits; Continue Estimation now Examining it from a Statistical Point of View; Kalman Filter approach to Estimation; Timing in GPS; Tropospheric Delay Estimation; Antennas and Calibrations; Processing Software; etc…” For more information see Graduate Remote Sensing Technical Reports
National Spatial Reference System: Datums, Networks, Coordinate Systems Operations, Field Procedures; Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing, Shoreline Mapping Special Projects; etc…” For more information see the GEOMATICS CALCULATORS, APPLETS, ANIMATIONS & SIMULATIONS
UPS, MGRS, geocentric, and local cartesian coordinates, for gravity (e.g., EGM2008), geoid height, and geomagnetic field (e.g., WMM2010) calculations, and…” For more information see
universal transverse Mercator (UTM) or universal polar stereographic (UPS) coordinates, and the military grid reference system (MGRS)…”
between two points on the ellipsoid at (lat1, lon1) and (lat2, lon2) is called the geodesic; its length is s12 and the geodesic from point…” “…is accurate to about 15 nm and gives solutions for the inverse problem for any pair of points…”
“…In polyline mode, Planimeter calculates the length of the geodesic path joining the points…”
“…The inverse problem: specify the two end points as…”
interpolation in a grid of values for the earth gravity models…”
tool for computing the geodetic azimuth and ellipsoidal distance between two points given their latitudes and longitudes…” FORWARD
(latitude and longitude in degrees, minutes, and seconds) of a point given the geodetic position of a beginning point and…” INVERS3D
on a flat grid for easy computation while maintaining a difference between geodetic and grid distance of one part in 10,000 or better…”
gravity at specified geographic position and topographic height…”
and orthometric elevations of a specific survey control mark can be viewed graphically…”
Area Conversion Calculator; DegMinSec to DecDeg Calculator; DecDeg to DegMinSec Calculator; Scale Calculator; Degrees to Radians Calculator; Time to GPS Seconds Calculator…” For more information see the
SURVEYING RELATED CENTERS FOR UNIT CONVERSION, SCIENTIFIC & MATHEMATIC CALCULATORS, APPLETS, ANIMATIONS & SIMULATIONS SEE FOR NAVIGATION, LOCATION & GPS COURSES, CALCULATORS, APPLETS, ANIMATIONS & SIMULATIONS SEE SURVEYING COURSES, TEXTBOOKS, LESSONS, ETC.
SURVEYING CALCULATORS, APPLETS, ANIMATIONS, ETC. Surveying Courses with Text, Images, Videos/Movies & Audio/Sound
Linear Measurements Video; Measurement of Elevations Video; Measurement of Direction Video; Traversing, Triangulation and Trilateration Video; Plane Tabling Video; etc…” For more information see the Surveying Courses with Text & Images
Measurement of Horizontal Distance; Representation of Vertical Distance; Measurement of Absolute Direction; Control Survey; Route Survey; etc…” For more information see the
Electronic Theodolite; etc…” Global Positioning System
GPS Receivers; GPS Errors and Accuracy; Satellite Geometry and Accuracy Measures; GPS Measurements Techniques; GPS Algorithms – Navigational Solutions; etc…” Photogrammetry
Geometry of Tilted Photographs; Stereoscopy and Parallax; etc…” Remote Sensing
Physical Basis of Remote Sensing (EMR Interaction in Atmosphere); Physical Basis of Remote Sensing (EMR Interaction on Ground: Surfaces); Physical Basis of Remote Sensing (Radiometry); etc…” For more information see
Cross Section and Borrow Pit; Horizontal Distance; Traversing; Topographic Surveys; Coordinate Systems; Boundary Surveys; Construction Surveys; Photogrammetry; etc…” For more information see Surveying Online Books & Manuals
Transit Adjustments; Adjusting The Plate Bubbles; Adjusting The Line Of Sight; etc…”
Calculating The Allowable Error; Traverse Computations; Checking And Reducing Angles; Traverse Tables/Adjusting Bearings And Distances; Plane Coordinates; etc…”
Locating Details By Transit And Stadia; Stadia Interval; Topographic Mapping; Ground Point Systems; etc…”
Route Surveys For Drainage; Ditches; Storm Sewer Route Survey; Earthwork Computations; Culverts And Bridges; Sewer Stakeout; Airfield Surveys; Waterfront Surveys; Offshore Location By Chaining; etc…”
Reduction Of Slope Distance; Electronic Positioning Systems; Laser Equipment; etc…”
Surveying Measurements; GPS Surveys; Surveying Equipment; Photogrammetric Surveys; etc…” For more information see STADIA SURVEYING SPREADSHEETS (XLS)
hairs. One that is the normal leveling hair and is centered. Above and below the leveling hair are the two Stadia hairs separated by…” For more information see 
Metrology
ENGINEERING METROLOGY CALCULATORS, APPLETS & SOFTWARE
ELASTIC COMPRESSION CALCULATORS, APPLETS, ANIMATIONS & SIMULATIONS
the elastic compression of spheres and cylinders at point and line contact…” For more information see the
METROLOGY CALCULATORS, APPLETS, ANIMATIONS & SIMULATIONS
index of air for a given wavelength of light and given atmospheric conditions (air temperature, pressure, and humidity)…” For more information see the
OPTICAL METROLOGY CALCULATORS, APPLETS, ANIMATIONS & SIMULATIONS
VISIBLE CALCULATORS, APPLETS, ANIMATIONS & SIMULATIONS XRAY OPTICAL DESIGN CALCULATORS, APPLETS, ANIMATIONS & SIMULATIONS XRAY SPECTRA CALCULATORS, APPLETS, ANIMATIONS & SIMULATIONS
Gaussian Laser Beam Parameters Calculator Gaussian Laser Beam Parameters Calculator INPUT Values include:
Gaussian Laser Beam Parameters Calculator OUTPUT values include:
Height; etc…”
a; hn Max; hn min; etc…”
U.S. STANDARDS FOR WEIGHING AND MEASURING DEVICES
weights and measures and weighing and measuring devices that give readings that are false, that are of such construction that they are faulty (that is, that are not reasonably permanent in their adjustment or…” For more information see the
the maximum extent possible, uniformity in weights and measures laws and regulations among the various states and local jurisdictions in order to facilitate trade between the states, permit fair competition among businesses,…” For more information see the 
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