MARTINDALE’S CALCULATORS ONLINE CENTER PHYSICS CENTER PHYSICS BY SUBJECT: ATOMIC, MOLECULAR & OPTICAL PHYSICS TO SOLID STATE PHYSICS (Calculators, Applets, Spreadsheets, 
Atomic, Molecular & Optical Physics
Atomic, Molecular & Optical Physics
ATOMIC, MOLECULAR & OPTICAL PHYSICS RELATED CENTERS FOR DATABASES SEE
curves based on CromerMann coefficients. You will see a table of the CromerMann coefficients and plot of the scattering factor in units of electrons vs. sin(theta/lambda) or…” For more information see
most important and frequently used atomic spectroscopic data in an easily accessible format…” Handbook of Basic Atomic Spectroscopic Data includes:
Select an Element (Arranged Alphabetically); Select an Element (Ordered by Atomic Number); Select an element to access data (Periodic Table)…” For more information see the
Energy levels of a particular atom or ion displayed in order of energy above the ground state…” For more information see
of molecules by electron impact. The database also includes cross sections for some atoms and energy distributions of ejected electrons for H, He, and H_{2}. The cross sections were calculated using the BinaryEncounterBethe (BEB) model, which…” For more information see the
Gaussian Laser Beam Parameters Calculator Gaussian Laser Beam Parameters Calculator INPUT Values include:
Gaussian Laser Beam Parameters Calculator OUTPUT values include:
Height; etc…”
a; hn Max; hn min; etc…” 
Introduction to Quantum Field Theory; Spontaneous Emission: WignerWeisskopf; Wigner, GlauberP, Q Functions; Glauber Correlation Functions: Optical Coherence and Photon SStatistics; Squeezed states – Production and Detection; Quantum Opertations, POVMs, Krause Representation; Quantum Trajectories; etc…” For more information see
Seidel Aberrations; Fraunhofer Diffraction; Fresnel Diffractions; etc…” For more information see
lightscattering, effective optical properties, radiative transfer…” For more information see
properties as functions of freely selectable parameters…” MieCalc Calculator INPUT Values include:
Imaginary Part of the Refractive Index of the Particle (refim); Wavelength in Vacuum (lambda); Diameter of the Particle (d); etc…”
material a and b, respectively. The imaginary parts of the permittivities must be nonnegative…Enter the filling factor f_b of medium b…”
through an inhomogeneous layer. It is assumed that the layer consists of of monodisperse spherical particles surrounded by vacuum (or air). This means that no refraction…”
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semireflective coatings, multiple reflections and interference can be used to select a narrow frequency band…” For more information see 
FabryPerot Interferometer Calculator INPUT Values include:
Reflectivity…” For more information see
Gas: Air or Unknown; For more information see
Kerr ISCO Calculator (Interactive tool to compute ISCOs in Kerr)…”s For more information see
Index of Refraction of the Film; Thickness of the Film; Angle in the Film; etc…”
Amplitude of Reflection off the Back Surface; Transmitted Intensity; etc…” 
CHEMICAL PHYSICS – PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY RELATED CENTERS FOR PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY COURSES, CALCULATORS, ETC. SEE THE EXAMPLE OF A GRADUATE PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY COURSE
by mapping it exactly to a much easiertosolve noninteracting problem. Its methodology is applied in a large variety of ﬁelds to many diﬀerent problems, with the groundstate electronic structure problem simply being the most ubiquitous…” Examples from over “24” “The ABC of DFT (Density Functional Theory)” Textbook Chapters include
The Local Density Approximation; Spin; Simple Exact Conditions; Exchangecorrelation Hole; Generalized Gradient Approximations; Orbital Functionals; Timedependent Density Functional Theory; etc…” For more information see the
CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS RELATED CENTERS FOR DATABASES SEE FOR MANY BODY PHYSICS COURSES, LECTURES, TEXTBOOKS, ETC. SEE FOR CRYSTALLOGRAPHY COURSES, DATABSASES, LECTURES, TEXTBOOKS, CALCULATORS, ETC. SEE THE FOR ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING COURSES, DATABSASES, LECTURES, TEXTBOOKS, CALCULATORS, ETC. SEE THE FOR NANOTECHNOLOGY COURSES, DATABSASES, LECTURES, TEXTBOOKS, CALCULATORS, ETC. SEE THE CONDENSED MATTER COURSES & LECTURES Graduate Courses
Representation of Operators; Tightbinding and the Mott Transition; Quantum Magnetism and the Ferromagnetic chain; Quantum Antiferromagnetism; Bogoliubov Theory of Weakly Interacting Bose Gas; Feynman Path Integral; Statistical Mechanics and SemiClassics; Applications of the Feynman Path Integral; Double Well Potential: Tunneling and Instantons; Coherent States; Manybody (coherent state) Path Integral; Applications and Connections; Weakly Interacting Electron Gas: Plasma Theory; Random Phase Approximation; BoseEinstein Condensation; Superfluidity; Cooper Instability; BCS Superconductivity; etc…” For more information see the
Landau’s FermiLiquid Theory; Strong Correlation: Mott Transition; Quantum Magnetism; Bogoluibov Theory of weakly interacting Bose gas; Correlated Quantum Spins in OneDimension; Luttinger Liquid Theory; Electronphonon interaction and Cooper instability; Anderson Localisation; Integer Quantum Hall effect; Fractional Quantum Hall effect; etc…” For more information see the
Coherent States; Coherent State Path Integral; Weakly interacting electron gas: Plasma theory; Metallic magnetism; BoseEinstein condensation and superfluidity; BCS theory of superconductivity; etc…” For more information see the CONDENSED MATTER CALCULATORS, APPLETS, ANIMATIONS & SIMULATIONS

Geophysics
Undergraduate Geophysics: Applied Geophysics
of physical properties beneath the surface of the earth. These methods are used by geologists, hydrologists and reservoir, soils and geotechnical engineers to locate subsurface features…” Applied Geophysics Course Chapters & Subchapters include:
Density of minerals, soils and rocks; Gravity anomalies of simple shapes; etc…” Magnetic Method
Magnetic anomalies; Magnetometers; etc…” DC Electric Methods
DC Electrical Methods (the Resistivity Method); Electrical conductivity of rocks and minerals; etc…” Electromagnetic Methods
Seismic Methods
Seismic velocity, attenuation and rock properties; etc…” For more information see
Undergraduate Geophysics: Geophysical Inversion
give them an understanding of the underlying theory and an ability to recognize and tackle inverse problems in the geosciences or more generally. Areas to be covered include: The theory behind Linear, Linearized and Nonlinear inverse problems; Techniques for fitting models to data;…” Examples of “An introduction to Geophysical Inverse Problems” Course Lectures include
Linearized Inverse Problems; Singular Value Decomposition; Regularizing Inverse Problems; CrossValidation; Iterative Methods; Probabilistic Inference; etc…” For more information see the
The Inversion Process; Inversion Flow…” Inversion Theory
Understanding Data; Norms and Misfit; Optimization; Theory into Practice; etc…” For more information see the
3D DC Resistivity and Induced Polarization Manual; 3D Magnetics Manual; 3D Gravity Manual; 1D frequency Domain Electromagnetics Technical Background; etc…” For more information see the Undergraduate Geophysics: Borehole Geophysics
made in wells or test holes. Probes that measure different properties are lowered into the borehole to collect continuous or point data that is graphically displayed as a geophysical log. Multiple logs typically are collected to take advantage of their synergistic nature…” Examples of “Introduction to Borehole Geophysics” Lectures include
Definition of GroundWater Quality; Caliper Logs; Gamma Logs; Singlepoint resistance Logs; Spontaneouspotential Logs; Normalresistivity Logs; Electromagneticinduction Logs; Fluidresistivity Logs; Temperature Logs; Flowmeter Logs; Television Logs; etc…” For more information see the
and monitoring methods and on the testing of newly developed and emerging geophysical technologies…” Examples of “BoreholeGeophysical Methods” Textbooks Categories include
Borehole Electromagnetic (EM) Induction logging; Borehole Imaging; Borehole Radar; Deviation; Electrical Resistance Tomography (ERT); Spectral Gamma; etc…” For more information see
SeismicWhileDrilling Pilot Sensor; Digital Core Barrel Measurements…” Data Acquistion includes
BRG HighResolution Depth Counter; etc…” For more information see the 
Graduate Geophysics: Seaice Geophysics
Seaice phase diagram, equations of state and solute segregation; Microphysics and microstructural evolution: the evolution of seaice salinity profiles and their impact on macroscopic ice properties; Seaice optical and electromagnetic properties; Seaice thermal properties; The problem of scales: macroscopic ice strength and its relevance for largescale ice dynamics; Seaice remote sensing; etc…” For more information see the
Permeability and fluid transport; Transport and property modeling; Electrical properties and charge transport; Transport and rock properties in magmatic systems; Dielectric properties of porous rocks and sea ice; etc…” For more information see
Sea ice thickness, morphology and deformation; Icecore and insitu measurements of seaice physical properties; Ice engineering properties; Iceocean interaction, heat and nutrient exchange; Integrated seaice observing systems; etc…” For more information see the 
between the Pacific and North American tectonic plates in the western United States. Data from PBO’s integrated network of GPS stations, strainmeters and seismometers, coupled with aerial and satellite imagery, are providing important temporal constraints on…” For more information see
tectonic stress data from the Earth’s crust…” World Stress Map’s main operational areas for stress in application are
Tectonic Modelling; Reservoir Management; Stability of Mines, Tunnels and Boreholes, Fault Slip Tendency & Seismic Risk Assessment…” For more information see the
Seismometer Calibration Calculator; 2DMagnetics Calculator; Magnetic Dipole Calculator; Gravity Meter Calculator; Normalized Frequency Response of a Seismometer Calculator; Free Motion of the Moving Mass of a Seismometer Calculator; LP Seismometer Calculator; Ray Paths Calculator; Electric Sounding Calculator; Geothermics Calculator; Huygens’ Priciple Calculator; etc…” For more information see GEOPHYSICS CALCULATORS, APPLETS, ANIMATIONS & SIMULATIONS
multicomponent seismic data…” For more information see
visually ‘explore’ Zoeppritz equation solutions with various parameter inputs…”
of AVOrelated approximations to the PP reflection coefficient for any combination of earth properties…”
in petroleum exploration….” 
Quarks, Mesons, Baryons, Photons, Pion, Kaons, etc. HIGH ENERGY PHYSICS RELATED CENTERS FOR HIGH ENERGY PHYSICS DATABASES SEE HIGH ENERGY PHYSICS CALCULATORS, APPLETS, ANIMATIONS & SIMULATIONS
but you will also find information about activities on the hyperonnucleon (YN) interaction, antinucleonnucleon (NN) interaction, and pionnucleon (πN) interaction…”
KaonNucleon; NucleonNucleon; Pion Photoproduction; Pion Electroproduction; Kaon Photoproduction; Eta Photoproduction; EtaPrime Photoproduction; PionDeuteron (elastic); PionDeuteron to Proton+Proton…” For more information see MUONS CALCULATORS, APPLETS, ANIMATIONS & SIMULATIONS
the detection of the mu > e gamma process and its backgrounds. Based on these number, the reachable branching ratio sensitivity is calculated. The numbers in the last column can be changed interactively to see their effect on the sensitivity…” MEG Branching Radio Sensitivity Calculator
timing for the detection of the mu > e gamma process and its backgrounds…” For more information see the NEUTRINO OBSERVATORIES
nearly massless subatomic particle called the neutrino. The detector encompasses a cubic kilometer of ice and uses the neutrino as a novel astronomical messenger to probe the universe….” For more information see the NEUTRINO CALCULATORS, APPLETS, ANIMATIONS & SIMULATIONS
oscillations. It includes three family oscillations formalism, but ignores possible CP violation and matter effects…” For more information see the LOW TEMPERATURE PHYSICS COURSES, LECTURES, ETC. LOW TEMPERATURE PHYSICS: THEORY OF SUBERCONDUCTIVITY – N.B. Kopnin, Low Terperature Laboratory, Department of Applied Physics, Aalto University; Hosted by the: Low Temperature Laboratory, Helsinki University of Technology Multimedia Low Temperature Physics: Theory of Superconductivity Course – PDF, 146 Pages (Text & Images). Example of “Theory of Superconductivity” Course Chapters include
The BCS Theory; Andreev Reflection; SuperconductorInsulatorNormalmetal Interface; Weak Links; Quantum Phenomena in Josephson Junctions; etc…” For more information see LOW TEMPERATURE PHYSICS CALCULATORS, APPLETS, ANIMATIONS & SIMULATIONS
zero magnetic field calculated from D.S. Greywall…” Helium 3 Calculator INPUT Values include:
For more information see WIEDEMANNFRANZ LAW CALCULATOR
thermal conductivity due to electrons; in alloys lattice (phonon) conductivity may be significant, raising the thermal conductivity above the prediction from the WiedemannFranz law…” WiedemannFranz Law Calculator
using the WiedemannFranz law…” Helium Boiloff Calculator
For more information see ALUMINIUM THERMAL CONDUCTIVITY CALCULATOR
aluminium alloys over the temperature range from 1 to 300 K based on a supplied value…” Aluminium Thermal Conductivity Calculator INPUT Values include:
RRR value; Residual resistivity value; Alloy type (and temper); Temperature range…” For more information see COPPER AND DILUTE COPPER ALLOY THERMAL CONDUCTIVITY CALCULATOR
over the temperature range up to 300 K based on a single value for low temperature thermal conductivity or electrical resistivity….” Copper and Dilute Copper Alloy Thermal Conductivity Calculator INPUT Values include:
RRR value; Residual resistivity value; Temperature range…” For more information see MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS RELATED CENTERS FOR MORE MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS COURSES, DATABSASES, LECTURES, TEXTBOOKS, CALCULATORS, ETC. SEE THE MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS COURSES, LECTURES, TEXTBOOKS, ETC.
power series, ordinary and partial differential equations, Fourier series, Laplace and Fourier transforms, SturmLiouville theory, special functions…” Examples of “Mathematical Physics” Course Lectures include
Linear Algebra; Harmonics, Fourier Series; Complex Representations; Transform Techniques; Spherical Symmetry; etc…” For more information see
Ordinary Differential Equations; Operators and Matrices; Partial Differential Equations; Complex Variables; Calculus of Variations; etc…” For more information see 
NUCLEAR PHYSICS RELATED CENTERS FOR NUCLEAR ENGINEERING COURSES, LECTURES, TEXTBOOKS, ETC. SEE FOR NUCLEAR PHYSICS DATABASES SEE NUCLEAR PHYSICS COURSES, TEXTBOOKS, ETC.
Crosssection, Xcattering; Weak Interactions, Neutrinos; Neutrinos, Radiation and Matter; Detectors, Detection Methods; Nuclear Astrophysics; Nuclear Astrophysics: Stellar Nucleonsynthesis; Nuclear Cosmology: Baryons, Dark Matter, and Dark Energy; Nuclear Cosmology: Relic Neutrinos, Leptogenesis; Nuclear Cosmology: Big Bang Nucleosynthesis; Error Analysis and Experimental Techniques; etc…” For more information see
Interaction of Radiation with Matter: Neutrons & Photons; Interaction of Radiation with Matter: Charge Particles – Radiation Shielding, Dose; Basic Detector Properties: Energy Resolution, Response Function & Dead Time; Particle Detectors: Scintillation Detectors & Ionization Detectors; Particle Detectors: Ionization Detectors & Semiconductor Detectors; Groundbased Detectors in HighEnergy Astroparticle Physics; Accelerator Techniques; etc…” For more information see EXAMPLES OF NUCLEAR PHYSICS DATABASES
Atomic and Nuclear Properties of Inorganic Compounds; Atomic and Nuclear Properties of Polymers; Atomic and Nuclear Properties of Mixtures; Atomic and Nuclear Properties of Biological Materials…” For more information see the
CINDA (Computer Index of Nuclear Reaction Data); Chargedparticle Cross Section Database for Medical Radioisotope Production; ENDF (Evaluated Nuclear Data File); XUNDL (Experimental Unevaluated Nuclear Data List); ENSDF (Evaluated Nuclear Structure Data File); EXFOR (Experimental Nuclear Reaction Data); Fission Yields; GANDR (Global Assessment of Nuclear Data Requirements); IBANDL (Ion Beam Analysis Nuclear Data Library); NSR (Nuclear Science References); IAEA Photonuclear Data Library; etc…” For more information see the
US ENDF/B Libraries
ENDF/BVII.1 Decay Data; ENDF/BVII.1 Covariance Data; ENDF/BVII Neutron Data; ENDF/BVII Thermal Scattering Data; ENDF/BVII Helium3 Data; ENDF/BVII Photonuclear Data; etc. Japanese JENDL Libraries; For more information see the
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channels open up to energy EMAX. The calculation is based on the Audi 2011 experimental masses when available, otherwise on the FRDM (1992) mass model…” For more information see PLASMA PHYSICS RELATED CENTERS FOR MORE PLASMA PHYSICS COURSES, ETC. SEE PLASMA PHYSICS DICTIONARIES & GLOSSARIES – FUSION DICTIONARIES
PLASMA PHYSICS COURSES, LECTURES, TEXTBOOKS, ETC. Graduate Plasma Physics Courses
Plasma Fluid Theory; Waves in Cold Plasmas; Magnetohydrodynamic Theory; The Kinetic Theory of Waves; etc…” For more information see the
The MHD model; Waves and characteristics; Spectral theory; Waves and instabilities in inhomogeneous plasmas; Magnetic structures and dynamics; Flow: Waves and instabilities in stationary plasmas; Resistive plasmas; Toroidal plasmas; Transonic MHD flows and shocks; etc…” For more information see the
between smallscale fluctuations and largescale plasma dynamics. This is crucial both in fundamental astrophysical and space physics research (e.g., turbulence in the solar wind) and in more practical terrestrial contexts (e.g., the performance of the international fusion reactor, ITER, will be limited by the transport caused by smallscale fluctuations). Multiscale plasma dynamics also…” “…Gyrokinetics is a nonlinear theory in a 5D phase space. When the collisionality is low, the ring distribution develops…” Examples Examples from over “61” “Gyrokinetics in Laboratory and Astrophysical Plasmas” Video Seminar Lectures include
Electric field effects in stellarators Video; Experiments on the Propagation of Plasma Filaments in VTF Video; Full f Gyrokinetic Simulation of Tokamak Plasma Turbulence using ELMFIRE Video; Gyrokinetic statistical absolute equilibrium and turbulence Video; Lagrangian chaos and the evolution of advected fields Video; Measurements of electron temperature fluctuations on DIIID Video; Particle acceleration and the role of pressure anisotropy in a multiisland reconnection Video; Spontaneous tokamak rotation: observations turbulent momentum transport has to explain Video; Turbulence and flow in the Large Plasma Device Video; Waves, turbulence, and transport in the Large Plasma Device Video; etc…” For more information see PLASMA PHYSICS ONLINE EXPERIMENTS
dedication to compact size and high performance. It is the world’s highest magnetic field tokamak plasma confinement experiment. As a result, Alcator experiments have performed at levels rivaling the largest fusion experiments in the world…” For more information see the PLASMA CALCULATORS & APPLETS
Electron number Density; Electron temperature; etc…” Plasma Calculator OUTPUT Values include
Gyrofrequency; Larmor Radius; etc…” Protons
Gyrofrequency; Larmor Radius; etc…” For more information see PLASMA DATABASES WITH CALCULATORS, APPLETS, ANIMATIONS & SIMULATIONS FOR PLASMA PHYSICS RELATED DATABASES SEE SOLID STATE PHYSICS RELATED CENTERS FOR SEMICONDUCTORS & MICROELECTRONICS COURSES, TEXTBOOKS, CALCULATORS, ETC. SEE FOR CRYSTALLOGRAPHY COURSES, TEXTBOOKS, CALCULATORS, ETC. SEE FOR NANOTECHNOLOGY COURSES, TEXTBOOKS, CALCULATORS, ETC. SEE SOLID STATE CHEMISTRY & PHYSICS COURSES Undergraduate Solid State Physics & Chemistry Courses
Xray Diffraction and Structure Factors; Phonons; Optical Properties of Solids; Bonding, Bands, and Electrons in Solids; Semiconductors; etc…” For more information see
Electron Shell Model & Quantum Numbers Video Lecture; The Aufbau Principle; Photoelectron Spectroscopy Video Lecture; etc…” Bonding and Molecules
Hybridized & Molecular Orbitals; Paramagnetism Video Lecture; Intermolecular Forces Video Lecture; etc…” Electronic Materials;
Polymers: Synthesis, Properties & Applications Video Lecture; Biochemistry: Lipids, Nucleic Acids & DNA Video Lecture; etc…” Solid Solutions; etc. For more information see
Examples of “Solid State Chemistry” Course Chapters include
Spectroscopic Techniques for Studying Gandstructure; Semiconductors; Doping of Semiconductors; The MottHubbard Gap and Breakdown of the Band Model; Defects in Solids; Nonstoichiometry; etc…” For more information see the Graduate Solid State Physics & Chemistry Courses
The Classical Theory of Crystal Diffraction; Crystal Lattice Dynamics and the Quantum Theory of Neutron Scattering; Thermal Properties of Crystal Lattices; The Electronic Fermi Liquid; Band Structure of Solids; Dielectric Properties of Materials; etc…” For more information see
THEORETICAL PHYSICS COURSES, LECTURES, SEMINARS, PROGRAMS
For more information see the
The Statistical Properties of the Primordial Fluctuations Video Lectures; Mechanisms for Inflation Video Lectures; etc…” For more information see
The Nature of Turbulence; IronBased Superconductors; Disentangling Quantum Manybody Systems: Computational and Conceptual Approaches; Frontiers of Ultracold Atoms and Molecules; Beyond Standard Optical Lattices; OutofEquilibrium Quantum Systems; Electron Glasses; Physics of the Large Hadron Collider; Physics of Climate Change; Dynamo Theory; Nonequilibrium Phenomena in Cosmology and Particle Physics; Nonequilibrium Dynamics in Particle Physics and Cosmology; Moments and Multiplets in Mott Materials; etc…” For more information see the 
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