MARTINDALE’S CALCULATORS ONLINE CENTER ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING & COMPUTER ENGINEERING: PSC (Calculators, Applets, Spreadsheets, 
PHOTOELECTRIC CALCULATORS, APPLETS, ANIMATIONS & SIMULATIONS
Planck constant and the work function: A single spectral line is filtered out from the light of a mercury lamp…” For more information see SOLAR ENERGY SYSTEMS COURSES, LECTURES, CALCULATORS, SIMULATIONS, ETC.
SOLAR THERMAL SYSTEMS COURSES, LECTURES, CALCULATORS, SIMULATIONS, ETC. FOR RELATED SOLAR ENERGY COURSES, LECTURES, CALCULATORS, ETC. SEE THE
PV System Direction “…South, SE, SW, etc…” Roof Angle “…15, 30, etc. degrees…” Type of Photovoltaic System; etc…” For more information see
Solar system for hot water supply and space heating…” Solar Calculator & Solar Thermal Calculator INPUT Values include:
PV System Direction “…South, SE, SW, etc…” Roof Angle “..15, 30, etc. degrees…” Panel Size; House Size; Number of People in Home; Other Type of Energy Use; etc. For more information see PHOTOVOLTAIC CALCULATORS, APPLETS, ANIMATIONS & SIMULATIONS
GRIDCONNECTED PV SYSTEMS CALCULATORS & APPLETS
pass DC electricity through an inverter to convert it into AC power. If the PV system AC power is greater than the owner’s needs, the inverter sends the surplus to the utility grid for use by others. The utility provides AC power to the owner at night and during times when the owner’s requirements exceed the capability of the PV system…” GridConnected PV System Performance Calculator Version I
system parameters, or the user may specify the PV system size, local electric costs, whether a fixed or tracking PV array, and…” GridConnected PV System Performance Calculator Version II
but provides more capability in identifying features and it can provide elevation coverage as well as the solar resource available for 14 collector types…” For more information see the PHOTOVOLTAIC (PV) ECONOMICS CALCULATORS & APPLETS
of PV system economics…” Photovoltaic System Economics Calculator INPUT Values include:
Electricity Cost; Displaced Grid Electricity Cost; etc…” Photovoltaic System
PV System cost per peak per Watt; PV System Yearly Expense; PV System Lifetime; PV System Cost…” For more information see 
POWER ELECTRONICS COURSES, TEXTBOOKS, ETC. Undergraduate Power Electronics Courses, Textbooks, Calculators, etc.
For more information see
SinglePhase LineCommutated Diode Bridge Rectifiers Applets; PhaseControlled Thyristor Converters with Resistive/Inductive Load Applets; PhaseControlled Thyristor Converters Applets; SinglePhase Power Factor Correction Applets; Signal Theory in Power Electronics Applets; etc…”
Simple Models of Heat Transfer Applets; Thermal Effects in Power Electronic Systems Applets; Distribution of Losses in DCDC Converters Applets; etc…”
Inductor Applets; etc…”
Rotating Magnetic Fields Applets; etc…” Graduate Power Electronics Courses, Textbooks, etc.
Equivalent circuit modeling of losses; Power semiconductor devices and switching losses; The discontinuous conduction mode; Transformerisolated converters; Additional transformer isolated topologies and design optimization; Converter smallsignal transfer functions; Controller design; Types of magnetic devices and their design; Transformer design; etc…” For more information see
Middlebrook’s feedback theorem; Simulation of DCM; Current mode control; Power and harmonics in nonsinusoidal systems; Pulsewidth modulated rectifiers; Introduction to digital control of SMPS; etc…” For more information see
Zerocurrent and zerovoltage switching; Introduction to resonant converter dynamic analysis; Spectra and envelope response of resonant inverters; Introduction to state plane analysis; Parallel resonant converter; The zerovoltage transition converter – Analysis of the zerovoltage transition converter; etc…” For more information see
Large Scale Electric Power Transmission Systems, Power Transformers, etc.
POWER AND ENERGY SYSTEMS COURSES, TEXTBOOKS, LECTURES, ETC. Undergraduate – Introduction to Power System Operation & Control
Frequency Control in a Power System; Voltage and Power Flow Control; Real and Reactive Power Scheduling; Power System Structures For more information see Undergraduate – Power System Analysis
Power System Operation, Transmission Lines; Transformers, Generators, Load, Ybus; Ybus and Power Flow; Power Flow; Economic Dispatch, OPF, Markets; Balanced Fault Analysis, Symmetrical Components; Symmetrical Components, Unbalanced Fault Analysis; Power System Protection, Transient Stability; etc…” For more information see Graduate Power and Energy Systems Courses, Textbooks, etc.
Protective device numbers, Instrument Transformers; Radial Protection Strategies, Fuse Characteristics; etc.; Polarization, Directional Phase & Ground Overcurrent Concepts; etc.; Sequence Network example, 3winding transformers; etc.; Transmission Line relaying; Special issues related to line protection: Ground potential rise, threeterminal lines, series caps; Transformer alarm/monitoring points, diagnostic tests, LTCs; Generator Protection Basics; etc…” For more information see LARGE SCALE ELECTRIC POWER TRANSMISSION SYSTEMS
HYDROELECTRIC POWER CALCULATORS, APPLETS, ANIMATIONS & SIMULATIONS POWER ENGINEERING CALCULATORS, APPLETS, ANIMATIONS & SIMULATIONS
Conduit Sizing Program Conduit Sizing Calculator INPUT Values include:
Conduit Sizing Calculator output values include:
Allowable Fill; Calculated Fill…”
Cable Length; Battery Voltage; TC & CC Resistance…” Voltage Drop Calculator ouput values include:
POWER FLOW CALCULATORS, APPLETS, ANIMATIONS & SIMULATIONS
intended as a simulation tool for researchers and educators that is easy to use and modify…” For more information see TRANSFER CAPABLILITIES CALCULATORS & APPLETS
is routine in North America in order to have a reliable and economical electrical supply. For example, hydroelectric power generated in Canada can be transferred to consumers and industry in Los Angeles using the high voltage transmission system. But the transmission system has a limited capability to transfer power. The maximum power that can be transferred is called the transfer capability…” Transfer Capability Calculator INPUT Values include:
Transfer from Bus, Area or City; Parameter Variations: Redispatch, Load, Voltage, Q Load & Contingencies; etc…” For more information see POWER TRANSFORMERS CALCULATORS, APPLETS, ANIMATIONS & SIMULATIONS
Select any two values: Amps, Volts, kVA…”: For more information see KVA CALCULATORS & APPLETS – KVAR CALCULATORS & APPLETS
For more information see 
Quantum Computers
Qubits, Telecloning, Teleportation
Handbook of Quantum Information For Undergraduates, Graduates & Scientists
Undergraduate Courses, Lectures, Textbooks, Manuals, etc.
Foundations of Quantum Theory II: Measurement and Evolution; Quantum Entanglement; Quantum Information Theory; Quantum Computation; Quantum Error Correction; etc…” For more information see
Tensor Products, safe storage, teleportation, DeutschJozsa; Recursive Fourier Sampling, Simon’s Algorithm; Fourier Transform, Period Finding and Factoring in BQP; Hidden Subgroup Problem, quantum error correction; Phase Estimation; QMA completeness; etc…” For more information see
Chapter 3: Breaking RSA Encryption with a Quantum Computer: Shor’s Factoring Algorithm; Chapter 5: Quantum Error Correction; etc…” For more information see
Quantum Networks; Quantum Entanglement; Decoherence; Selected Quantum Algorithms; Elements of Computational Complexity; Quantum Error Correction; Fault Tolerant Quantum Computation; etc…” Examples of “Control of Quantum Systems” Course Chapters include
Control System Models; Openloop, Closedloop and Learning Approaches to Control; Controllability and Control System Identification…” For more information see the 
Graduate Courses & Lectures with Videos/Movies & Sound
Interference Video Lecture
Measurement Video Lecture
The Schroedinger Picture Video Lecture
A Quantum Algorithm Video Lecture
Grover’s Search Algorithm Video Lecture
For more information see
Lecture 3: Finite field GF(4), stabilizer codes as GF(4) codes, perfect quantum codes, definition of Clifford group, etc; Lecture 5: Generators of symplectic group, quantum GilbertVarshamov bound, quantum Hamming bound, etc.; Lecture 9: Circuit assumptions for fault tolerance reexamined (other universal gate sets, local gates, fresh ancillas, etc; etc…” For more information see
computers are based: superposition and interference. The superposition principle allows may operations to occur simultaneously…” For more information see 
QUARTZ PROPERTIES CALCULATORS, APPLETS, ANIMATIONS & SIMULATIONS QUARTZ CALCULATORS, APPLETS, ANIMATIONS & SIMULATIONS
Quartz Material Compactor Calculator; Quartz Sag Deflection Calculator; Quartz Window Thickness Calculator…” For more information see
RF COMMUNICATIONS COURSES, TEXTBOOKS, LECTURES, ETC.
RF Metrics; RFID: Basics and Applications; Low Noise Amplifier Theory and Design: Linearized ones; VCO, VCO Tuning, Ring Oscillator; RF Filters; Power Amplifiers; etc…” For more information see WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS, SYSTEMS, NETWORKS COURSES, TEXTBOOKS, LECTURES, ETC. Undergraduate Wireless & Mobile Networks Courses, Textbooks, etc.
Statistical Fading Models: Narrowband Fading; Fading Distributions and Duration. Markov Model. Wideband Fading. Doppler and Delay Spread; Capacity of Flat and FS Fading Channels Linear Modulation; ISI and Diversity; MRC and EGC Diversity, Transmit Diversity; MIMO Capacity, Beamforming, Diversity, RX Designs; Sphere Decoders, MIMO Design Issues. Multicarrier Modulation and OFDM; etc…” For more information see
Introduction to IEEE 802.11 Wireless LANs; Wireless LANs; Introduction to Vehicular Wireless Networks; Wireless Personal Area Networks; Introduction to LTE;etc…” For more information see
in multiple access techniques (including MIMO systems), cellular systems, adhoc wireless networks, cognitive radio systems, wireless sensor networks, and crosslayer wireless network design…” For more information see Graduate Wireless & Mobile Networks Courses, Textbooks, etc.
Geographical Routing; Routing with Virtual Coordinates; Landmarkbased Routing; Data Centric Routing; Location Service; Innetwork Aggregation; etc…” For more information see
for mobile wireless networks. The course aims at equipping graduate students with not only a solid foundation and the stateoftheart knowledge in a wide spectrum of wireless communications techniques and protocols…” Examples from over “13” “Mobile Wireless Networking” Course Lectures include
Characterizations and Modeling of the Wireless Channel; Medium Access Control Protocols, Local Area Networks, and Wireless Local Area Networks; etc…” For more information see WIRELESS CALCULATORS, APPLETS, ANIMATIONS & SIMULATIONS
RF DESIGN CALCULATORS, APPLETS, ANIMATIONS & SIMULATIONS
Handoff call dropping probability; Handoff call arrival rate…” Loss Formulas in Wireless Cellular Systems Calculator INPUT Values include:
Wireless Loss Formula: “…Call Arrival Rate/Call Completion Rate + Handoff Departure Rate; Number of Channels; Number of Guard Channels; etc…” Wireless Loss Formula with Fixed Point: “…New Call Arrival Rate; Call Completion Rate; etc…” For more information see CABLE RACEWAY FILL CALCULATORS, APPLETS, ANIMATIONS & SIMULATIONS
Raceway (EMT, Rigid Metal Conduit, Intermediate Metal Conduit, Electrical Nonmetallic Tubing, Schedule 40 PVC, Schedule 80 PVC, Flexible Metal Conduit or Liquidtight Flexible Metal Conduit); Fill Value; etc…” For more information see RACEWAY FILL CALCULATORS, APPLETS, ANIMATIONS & SIMULATIONS
Size (14 AWG, 12 AWG, 10 AWG, 8 AWG, 6 AWG, etc.); Number of Conductors (1 to 100); Raceway (EMT, Rigid Metal Conduit, Intermediate Metal Conduit, Electrical Nonmetallic Tubing, Schedule 40 PVC, Schedule 80 PVC, Flexible Metal Conduit or Liquidtight Flexible Metal Conduit)…” For more information see 
RADIO CALCULATORS, APPLETS, ANIMATIONS & SIMULATIONS
Antenna EiRP Estimator Antenna EiRP Estimator Calculator INPUT Values include:
Coax Type
Antenna Type
Quad Loop; 3, 3 & 4 Element Quad; Other…” Gain…”
Required Inductance; Dust Core (Yes or No)…”
Ra; Rf; V1; V2.
Required Output Voltage; Maximum Load Current…” COIL CALCULATORS, APPLETS, ANIMATIONS & SIMULATIONS
For more information see
Coil Diameter; Number of turns; Coil Length; etc…” For more information see CONVERT & CORRECT DIAL READINGS CALCULATORS & APPLETS
TwinT impedance measuring circuit to admittance and impedance values incorporating residual corrections…The input fields are the measurement frequency in MHz; the frequency scale of the conductance dial (either 1, 3, 10, or 30 MHz) used; the initial value of the capacitor; the final value of the capacitor, and the value read directly off the conductivity dial…” For more information see VSWR CALCULATORS, APPLETS, ANIMATIONS & SIMULATIONS
For more information see 
Radar & AIS Systems
Automatic Identification System
Airborne Radar Courses & Lessons
Radar Antennas ~
Radar ‘FreeSpace Range’ ~

Radar & AIS
by a single shorebased ‘physical AIS base station’. AIS CapCalc will provide the answer for userdefined traffic scenarios…” Automatic Identification System Calculator INPUT Values include:
Ship at anchor or moored and not moving faster than 3 knots; Ship at anchor or moored and moving faster than 3 knots; Ship 014 knots; Ship 014 knots and changing course; Ship 1423 knots; Ship 1423 knots and changing course; etc…” For more information see
KuBand Synthetic Aperture Radar Imagery; Sandia MiniSAR – Miniaturized Synthetic Aperture Radar; MTI & CCD Synthetic Aperture Radar Imagery; RTV Synthetic Aperture Radar; XBand Synthetic Aperture Radar Imagery; etc…” Sandia SAR Presentations
UAVs – Taking Reconnaissance to Another Level – UAVs: The Way Ahead; etc…” Synthetic Aperture Radar Movie Gallery; etc…” For more information see
Radar Antenna Calculator provided on this page helps to find answers…” Radar Antenna Calculator INPUT Values include:
Vertical Beamwidth; Antenna Gain; etc…” Also includes a table that
For more information see
volume…This applet provides a simpler way to get this information. In addition to providing the user the beam center height, it also provides the beam top height, beam bottom height, and the beam width…” Beamwidth Calculator (Beam Property Calculator) INPUT Values include:
For more information see
schematic diagram in an operational environment…” BoundaryRelative Speed Calculator
variables (cell speed, cell direction, and boundary speed; all speeds in m s1) to compute the boundaryrelative velocity at points all along the circular boundary…” For more information see
maximum range determined from the parameters of a radar system (antenna and transmitter/receiver combination)…” Radar FreeSpace Range Calculator INPUT Values include:
Radar Transmitter/Receiver
Target
Also includes
NAVGEN Algorithm to determine 2D Position Fixing Errors; etc…” For more information see
the target visibility range…” Radar Horizon Calculator INPUT Values include:
For more information see 
RESISTOR COLOR CODE CALCULATORS, APPLETS, ANIMATIONS & SIMULATIONS
RESISTOR COLOUR CALCULATORS, APPLETS, ANIMATIONS & SIMULATIONS
ROBOTICS COURSES, LECTURES, LESSONS, ETC. Robotics Basics
Lecture 9
Lecture 14
For more information see
Intermediate & Advanced Robotics
systems. Particular attention is given to modeling dynamic systems, measuring and controlling their behavior, and making decisions about future courses of action…” Examples of “Robotics and Intelligent Systems” Course Lectures include
Sensors and Actuators; Analog and Digital Control; Introduction to Optimization; LeastSquares Estimation and Numerical Optimization; Formal Logic and Computing; Probability and Statistics; Stochastic, Robust, and Adaptive Control; Classification of Data Sets; etc…” For more information see
Cameras. Visual Servoing; Walsh and Fourier Transforms; Hough Transform application in a mobile robot for corridor navigation; Vision Guided Motion; etc…” For more information see Graduate Courses, Textbooks, Lectures, etc.
optimization, probabilistic modeling, and stochastic control to dynamic systems…” Examples of “Optimal Control and Estimation” Course Lectures include
NeighboringOptimal Control; LinearQuadratic Regulators; Cost Functions and Controller Structures; LinearQuadratic Control System Design; Spectral Properties of LinearQuadratic Systems; LeastSquares Estimation; Propagation of Uncertainty in Dynamic Systems; LinearOptimal Estimation for ContinuousTime Systems; Nonlinear State Estimation; Stochastic Optimal Control; LinearQuadraticGaussian Controller; etc…” For more information see ROBOTICS APPLICATIONS, VIDEOS, ETC. – INTERMEDIATE & ADVANCED
“…to protect robotic mechanisms and electronics from intense heat, researchers at NRL’s Advanced Materials Section have developed a class of lightweight, high temperature polyetheretherketone (PEEK)like phthalonitrileresin that can be molded to any shape and remain strong at temperatures up to 500 degrees Celsius…” For more information see
and the development of intelligent structures for application in mobile robot systems, especially in walking machines…” “…developed an apelike robot capable of standing upright thanks to its flexible spine. Called “Charlie”… For more information see
robotics applications…” Examples of “BoofCV” Applet Categories on the “Home Page” include
Feature Applets; Geometric Applets…” Examples of “BoofCV” Applet Categories in the “List of Applets” include
Image Feature Intensity Applets; Detected Image Features Applets; Associating Image Features Applets; Image Transforms Applets; Camera Calibration Applets; 3D Computer Vision Applets, etc…”

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