MARTINDALE’S CALCULATORS ONLINE CENTER ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING & COMPUTER ENGINEERING SEMICONDUCTORS, MEMS, MICROELECTRONICS, MICROFABRICATION, MICROMACHINING, ETC. (Calculators, Applets, Spreadsheets, 
For more information see
Electron Shell Model & Quantum Numbers Video Lecture; The Aufbau Principle; Photoelectron Spectroscopy Video Lecture; etc…” Bonding and Molecules
Hybridized & Molecular Orbitals; Paramagnetism Video Lecture; Intermolecular Forces Video Lecture; etc…” Electronic Materials;
Polymers: Synthesis, Properties & Applications Video Lecture; Biochemistry: Lipids, Nucleic Acids & DNA Video Lecture; etc…” Solid Solutions; etc. For more information see
Examples of “Solid State Chemistry” Course Chapters include
Spectroscopic Techniques for Studying Gandstructure; Semiconductors; Doping of Semiconductors; The MottHubbard Gap and Breakdown of the Band Model; Defects in Solids; Nonstoichiometry; etc…” For more information see the 
density and mobility in semiconductor materials, (2) to introduce several Hallrelated phenomena, (3) to show numerous applications of the Hall effect, and…” For more information see
Energy bands; Density of states; Carrier distribution functions; Semiconductor thermodynamics; etc…” MetalSemiconductor Junctions
Electrostatic analysis; Schottky diode current; MetalSemiconductor contacts; etc…” pn Junctions
Electrostatic analysis of a pn diode; The pn diode current; Laser diodes; etc…” Biopolar Junction Transitors
Nonideal effects; Base and Collector transit time effects; etc…” MetalOxideSilicon Capacitors
MOS analysis; MOS capacitor technology; pMOS equations; etc…” MOS Field Effect Transistors
MOSFET Circuits and Technology; Advanced MOSFET issues; etc…” For more information see
Basic Semiconductor Physics; Elements of Advanced Theory…” Silcon: General Properties & Technologies
Materials and Processes for Silicon Technology; General Device and Product Considerations; etc…” Silcon: Special Properties & Emerging Technologies
Etching of Silicon; etc…” Fundamentals of Optoelectronics
Light and Semiconductors; Heterojunctions; etc…” Principles of the Semiconductor Laser; For more information see
Steam Oxidation; Oxide Color Chart; Si Diffusivity Data; Ion Implant Ranges; Herman Mask Set…” For more information see 
Microfabrication Processes; Optical References; Metrology; Cleanroom Equipment; Safety and Protocol; etc…” For more information see the

HEAT CONDUCTION CALCULATORS, APPLETS, ANIMATIONS & SIMULATIONS HEAT TRANSFER CALCULATORS, APPLETS, ANIMATIONS & SIMULATIONS
Fluid Properties: Thermal Fluid Properties Calculator; Heat Sinks: Natural Convection for Rectangular Heat Sinks Calculator; Special Functions Calculator
complementary error functions, gamma functions, and Bessel functions of integer or fractional order, etc. Spreading Resistance Calculators
Spreading Resistance of Rectangular Disk with Edge Cooling Calculator; etc…” For more information see the
conduction in a unit square with one boundary held at a different temperature than the other three and…” Planck’s Law Calculator
power for a number of source temperatures…” Radiation View Factors Calculators include:
Coaxial Disks Calculator; Coaxial Cylinders Calculator; Parallel Rectangles Calculator…” Solution of Blasius Equation Calculator
for flow in a laminar, selfsimilar, flat plate boundary layer. The RungeKutta integration scheme and shooting algorithm…” InternalFlow Convection Correlations Calculator
a circular pipe as a function of the Reynolds (based on diameter) and Prandtl numbers…” OneDimensional Compressible Flows Calculator
(2) Normal shock functions, (3) Flow with friction (Fanno Line), and (4) Flow with heat addition (Rayleigh Line)…” For more information see

MEMS COURSES, LECTURES, TEXTBOOKS, DATABASES, ETC. MICROELECTRONICS CALCULATORS, APPLETS, ANIMATIONS & SIMULATIONS MEMS CALCULATORS, APPLETS, ANIMATIONS & SIMULATIONS MEMS & NANOTECHNOLOGY DATABASES & CALCULATORS & APPLETS FOR NANOTECHNOLOGY COURSES, DATABASES ETC. SEE MEMS and Nanotechnology Databases
set of implementation solutions for MEMS, micro and nanotechnologies to be found anywhere in the world…” Examples of MEMS and Nanotechnology “Process Subject Categories with Matching Process Capabilities” include
Deposition; Doping; Etch; LIGA; Lift Off; Lithography; Mask Making; Metrology; Packaging; Polishing; Process Technologies; Thermal; etc…” For more information see
Electrical Rresistivity; Hardness, Knoop (KH); Hardness, Vickers (VH); Modulus of Rupture; Piezoelectric Constant; Poisson’s Ratio; Stiffness; Tensile Strength; Thermal Conductivity; etc…” For more information see Microelectronics – MEMS Calculators, Applets, Simulations, etc.
Input Fraction “…0.1; 0.2; 0.3 to 1.0…”
Residual Strain Calculator (using ASTM standard E 2245): Data Sheet RS.1 – Using fixedfixed beam test structures; Strain Gradient Calculator (using ASTM standard E 2246): Data Sheet SG.1 – Using cantilever test structures; Step Height or Thickness Calculator (using SEMI standard MS2): Data Sheet SH.4 – Thicknesses of all the layers in a CMOS process using electrophysical technique; Inplane Length or Deflection Calculator (using ASTM standard E 2244): Data Sheet L.3 – Inplane lengths with one end anchored; Wafer Bond Strength Calculator (using SEMI standard MS5): Data Sheet WBS.1 – Using microchevron test structures; etc…” For more information see the 
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